The syllabus for technical and vocational training must be broadened and strengthened. Certain skills need bolstering, especially soft skills—including generic, cross-cutting skills–in the curriculum, since these skills will enable workers to be effectively integrated into employment. Moreover, these skills allow workers to adapt to the changing demands of the job market and to work in a professional environment in which technology is increasingly being used. Also it is important to bolster the professionalisation of management and senior executives in SMEs by focusing more on training for this sector.
It is necessary to establish or strengthen the institutional structure, which provides incentives for SMEs to provide in-house training for their staff in conjunction with external training programmes. Reference frameworks are needed to define and compare qualifications and accreditation systems for recognising practical training. SME networks are needed to spark synergies and exploit economies of scale, develop tax incentives for training and increase the use of ICTs in training programmes.
All of these suggestions are valid in the Indian context as well. Over to policy-makers.
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