Job generation during 2012 saw a 21 per cent decline across various sectors of the economy between January and mid-December, according to an ASSOCHAM analysis.
"A total of over 5.3 lakh jobs were generated during the aforesaid period across India i.e. over 2.8 lakh jobs in first half of the year and over 2.4 lakh jobs during July-December 15,", says a study titled 'Job Trends Across India in 2012, released by the industry body Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
Information technology (IT) topped the group with over 2.1 lakh jobs generated in the sector between January-December 15, 2012 across the country as compared to the same period of last year.
Academics and education ranked second with over 34,500 jobs generated in the sector followed by insurance (over 27,100 jobs) and banking (24,500).
The ASSOCHAM Research Bureau (ARB) sourced its inputs primarily from data tracked on a daily basis for vacancies posted by about 4,000 companies via job portals like timesjobs.com, naukri.com, monster.com and shine.com and advertisements offering job opportunities published in national and regional newspapers for about 56 cities and 32 sectors.
"Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR) topped with over 1.1 lakh jobs generated between January 1-December 15, 2012 followed by Mumbai (over 77,000 jobs), Bangalore (over 75,000 jobs) and Chennai (over 44,000 jobs). The least number of jobs were generated in Kolkata (over 25,000 jobs) amid the top five metro centres," said D S Rawat, secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the findings of the chamber's analysis.
Other prominent job generation sectors included automobile (22,890), financial services (22,500), manufacturing (20,400), engineering (18,650), hospitality (16,100) and IT hardware (15,600).
Interestingly, only academics and education sector registered an upward spiralling job generation growth of over 16 per cent in the first six months of the current year.
Job generation growth dipped by over 10-50 per cent in the remaining sectors during this period.
According to the ASSOCHAM analysis, aviation sector registered a job generation growth rate of over 78 per cent in the later half till December 15, 2012 followed by sports (41 per cent) and retail (six per cent). Rest of the sectors registered a dip in job generation ranging over one to 46 per cent during this period.
In Delhi, telecom sector generated maximum employment opportunities with over 53,000 jobs followed by IT (over 11,000 jobs), hospitality, manufacturing, architecture, infrastructure, textile, banking, real estate and gems and jewellery.
The job generation growth in the first half of the current year was the highest in Bangalore as the city generated about 41,500 jobs between January-June 2012 as against 8,600 jobs that were generated in the last six months of 2011 thereby registering a growth of over 381 per cent.
Mumbai (259 per cent), Hyderabad (114 per cent), Ahmedabad (93 per cent), Chennai (81 per cent), Jaipur (33 per cent), Lucknow (12 per cent) and Coimbatore (six per cent) were other cities that registered growth in job generation during the first half of the year.
While, the job generation declined in most of the cities in the later half of the on-going year, Kochi registered highest job generation growth of over 30 per cent during the period. The number of jobs in the city increased from over 1,500 in January-June this year to over 2,000 between July- December 15.
Agra (14 per cent), Ajmer (12 per cent), Udaipur (10 per cent), Kota (seven per cent), Kanpur (five per cent), Vellore (five per cent) and Jalandhar (four per cent) were other cities that registered upward spiralling growth in job generation during the second half of the year.
Employment generation growth rate in India declined by about 15 per cent between July-December 15 as against a decline of over 25 per cent during the first six months of the year, said Rawat.
"This change is presumably due to slew of positive steps taken by the government during this period," he added.