With the prospect of stiffer sanctions against Russia rattling confidence in Europe, investors will be looking to the United States and China to underpin the global economy.
Wednesday’s US GDP reading and jobs data on Friday will help markets to judge the strength of the economy's rebound and the likely speed of the Federal Reserve’s return to more conventional monetary policy. The Fed meets on Tuesday and Wednesday.
“The US-China story is looking more encouraging,” said James Knightley, an economist with ING. “With the European Central Bank’s moves, that should allow the euro zone economy to swing upwards but with a good six- to 12-month lag.”
In Europe, the downing of a Malaysia Airlines airliner over eastern Ukraine has left countries such as Germany with little choice but to change their long-passive stance and impose tougher sanctions on Moscow over the role of pro-Russian separatists.
Early this week, European Union ambassadors are expected to meet to finalize sanctions that could include closing EU capital markets to state-owned Russian banks, placing an embargo on arms sales and restricting supply of energy technology.
Globally, such sanctions would bite hardest in Europe, where Russia does most trade, compounding economic problems not only for Russia but throughout the region.
The International Monetary Fund has already flagged the ‘chilling effect’ on investment in Russia of sanctions as it pared back its forecast for global economic growth last week.
Confidence amongst businesses in Germany, which accounts for more than one quarter of all exports across the European Union, has dipped further since the plane crash.
“The situation is very dangerous,” said Michael Heise, chief economist of Allianz, one of the globe's largest fund investors.
“An escalation carries large risks for the economy," he said, cautioning in particular of the knock to confidence. "There is a big risk from further sanctions although one has to accept that clear (diplomatic) signals are needed.”
The crisis comes at a delicate moment for the 18 countries using the euro, where a fledgling recovery is losing pace. Investors will get a snapshot of the bloc's inflation rate, which has sunk well below the European Central Bank’s target, on Thursday.
With Britain, one of the stronger European eco-nomies, caught up in the push for mutually painful sanctions against Russia, economic growth prospects hinge on the United States and China.
“We think there is going to be a bounce-back in (US) gross domestic product,” said ING’s Knightley.
The Reuters consensus shows annualised growth picking up