Analysts today termed the interim budget as an "election budget", and cautioned the pre-polls "sweeteners", especially excise duty cuts, will make it difficult to achieve the deficit target.
Finance Minister P. Chidambaram while presenting the ninth Budget today said the fiscal deficit for the current financial year will be contained at 4.6 per cent of GDP and also announced a reduction in excise duty, on capital goods and consumer non-durables.
"The interim budget rightly targets further fiscal consolidation. However, it was clearly an election budget," HSBC Chief Economist for India and ASEAN Leif Lybecker Eskesen said, adding: "the pre-election sweeteners, especially excise duty cuts, will make it difficult to achieve the deficit target. The subsidy target could also prove a challenge."
"However, the full budget to be presented after the elections will be the real test of the existing or the new government's willingness and ability to deliver fiscal consolidation," he added.
Experts are of the opinion that the vote on account would bring the much needed relief to the struggling consumer goods sector owing to reduction in excise duty.
The two major "roadblocks" of fiscal consolidation of the Indian economy going ahead would be provisioning of food subsidy from FY'15 and the likely implementation of the 7th pay commission from Jan 2016.
"Containing the fiscal deficit at 4.6 per cent for the current fiscal year seems to bode well for the overall economy and fiscal consolidation. However, the implications of a lower fiscal deficit with reduced capital expenditure planned for a slow growing economy needs to be evaluated cautiously," Dun & Bradstreet India Senior Economist Arun Singh said.
The government today said the fiscal deficit for the current financial year will be contained at 4.6 per cent of GDP.
The fiscal deficit, which is the gap between expenditure and revenue, was 4.9 per cent of GDP in the previous financial year.
Echoing similar sentiments, Ketan Dalal, joint tax leader, PwC India said "the fiscal deficit has been contained 4.6 per cent of GDP; clearly, curbs on global imports and a slight acceleration in exports has helped."
The vote of account (interim budget) for FY14-15