India's plan to shield IPO investors has merit: Andy Mukherjee
The Securities and Exchange Board of India, which has floated the idea, is right to worry that small investors are being fleeced by insiders with superior information. Between 2008 and 2011, 55 out of 117 Indian IPOs traded at least 20 percent below the offer price after six months of listing.
Bankers have slammed the proposal as a draconian intervention in a free market. But SEBI is not seeking to eliminate the risk of underperformance altogether. Only small investors - those who had applied to buy less than $900 in stock - will be allowed to return their shares at the offer price. The option will only be triggered if both the absolute share price drop and decline relative to the broader market index are 20 percent or more within three months. And majority owners' repurchase obligation will be capped at 5 percent of the IPO size. Insiders will still have an advantage over new investors. But they will be discouraged from using it too blatantly.
Being responsible for ensuring positive trading in the secondary market might scare away a handful of IPO aspirants. But
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