latest harvest, the Food Corporation of India has been building platforms of wood and cement for storage. These are no match for purpose built grains warehouses and silos and leave supplies exposed to rodents and the weather.
In previous years, images of rotting grains in faded bags has stoked stinging criticism of the government which is now under pressure to trim stockpiles.
"Port congestion is an issue as cargoes have to wait, adding to exporters' costs and delaying deliveries," said Sanjeev Garg, chief executive at agricultural products trading company CommCorp International in New Delhi.
Even though Indian wheat exports account for a small fraction of the global trade of 140 million tonnes, shipments from the South Asian nation have already helped ease tight supply of lower quality grains.
The latest tender for Indian government wheat was awarded at $312 per tonne. Australian supplies, which are higher quality varieties, typically cost $20-40 per tonne more, traders said.
India has little competition right now for its wheat, which is bought by Thailand, South Korea and Taiwan as animal feed while some southeast Asia countries blend it with milling wheat to bring the cost down.