and holistic global policy, States are adopting diverse and often contradictory national policies on new and emerging issues such as net neutrality, social networking sites, search engines, role of internet intermediaries and cyber-terrorism," he said.
The Deputy NSA said if fragmentation of the internet through disparate national level policies is to be avoided and the inherently global character of the internet is to be preserved, urgent action is needed to create an opportunity wherein these issues can be discussed in an open, transparent, democratic and participatory manner.
He said in the field of cyber security, India follows a mixed approach and exhaustive consultations take place with stakeholders, and the results thereof are factored into possible approaches that government might take.
"For example, the Government of India, in consultation with all stakeholders, has initiated a number of steps to enhance cyber security in the country.
"Every such step of Government to enhance cyber security is however conditioned by our commitment to drawing a balance between the immutable liberal democratic principles enshrined in our Constitution and the imperatives of ensuring safety and security of our citizens which is the primary duty of any Government," he said.
Sandhu said government has adopted an integrated approach with a series of policy, legal, technical and administrative steps for addressing cyber security concerns, including the recently approved a National Cyber Security Policy and a framework for ensuring cyber security.
"This framework envisages a multi-layered approach for ensuring defence in depth and a clear delineation of functional responsibilities amongst stakeholders while stressing on coordination and sharing real-time information.
"It also seeks to strengthen our assurance and certification capacity to address supply-chain vulnerabilities, hardening of networks and promotion of research and development in cyber security with emphasis on indigenisation and capacity-building," he said.
The Deputy NSA said government has actively involved the industry associations in its efforts to ensure the security of the cyber space through the mechanism of a Joint Working Group.
"It is currently looking at setting up of Information Sharing and Analysis Centres, testing and certification labs in the private sector and Centres of Excellence in various areas related to capacity building in