bomb plot. However, the proliferation of auditing regimes has not been harmonised. It would be better for governments to mutually recognise secure freight programmes.
Particular concern is the tight timeframe for airlines to become compliant with the European Unionís (EU) ACC3 regulation, which from July 1, 2014 will prevent the import into the EU any air freight from a non-validated or recognised third country. Although IATA has developed an independent validators training programme, the numbers of validators are limited and it is vital that airlines and freight forwarders work together to maximise the opportunities for combining auditing.
The IATA Secure Freight programme helps to ensure a sterile, secure air cargo supply chain from packing to delivery. It has been piloted in nine states so far, with Russia due to join in 2014. And at the opening plenary of AVSEC World, Turkey signed a memorandum of understanding to explore a secure freight pilot in the country.
Aviation security is evolving to face new threats. Aviation relies on computer systems for almost every aspect of the business, leaving it potentially vulnerable to cyber attack. Industry, regulators, and manufacturers need to work together to share best practice and mitigation strategies.
Tyler said, "We need to be ready for this change in thinking. How should regulators treat this new security dimension, and how can airlines tackle cyber security and airline security as a single unit? Our resources are not infinite."
In the face of new threats and new challenges, the culture of aviation security requires significant reform. Appropriate training of security specialists is needed by industry and regulators alike, while the move from one-size-fits-all to risk-based procedures needs to accelerate. The cost of aviation security needs to be reviewed Ė with more than US$ 100 billion spent by airlines alone in the period since 9/11, the industry needs to be sure that this money is being well spent. The respective responsibilities of governments and industry for the cost of security procedures also needs to be better understood.
ďThe terrible shooting at Los Angeles International Airport is a reminder that aviation security is always going to be tested. It is a sad reality of modern life that evil and disturbed individuals often target public spaces, including airports, to commit atrocities. Regulators have the difficult task of balancing security with the needs of modern society for mobility. The common vision among industry and regulators is data-driven, risk-based and outcome-focused