Since women are more affected than men, it poses major health issues to women. Tiredness, weight gain, hair loss, menstrual irregularities, decreased fertility and depression are symptoms that are observed in women with hypothyroidism.”
Dr. Raj Kumar Lalwani, New Delhi Investigator and Consultant Physician – PG Medical Centre, Malviya Nagar, New Delhi says, “Over 11% of the study population was diagnosed of hypothyroidism and one third of hypothyroid cases were not aware of their disease. Undetected cases are significantly higher in Delhi (3.97%) as compared to other major cities like Mumbai (2.86%) and Chennai (2.09%). About 9.61% of population from Delhi had mild thyroid failure; these cases may progress to hypothyroidism in future. Approximately 22% of the study population tested positive for anti-TPO antibodies putting them at a higher risk of developing thyroid disorder in the future.”
Globally, thyroid disorders continue to be common yet one of the most under-diagnosed and neglected chronic health conditions. These disorders impair normal functioning of the thyroid gland causing abnormal production of hormones leading to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. The prevalence of hypothyroidism in the developed world is estimated to be about 4-5%. 
If left untreated, hypothyroidism can cause elevated cholesterol levels, an increase in blood pressure, an increased rate of cardiovascular complications, decreased fertility, and depression; and in pregnant women, placental abnormalities and increased risks for the baby’s well-being. These symptoms are often confused with other disorders, thus making thyroid disorders one of the most underdiagnosed disorders in India. Like diabetes, there is no permanent cure for most forms of thyroid disorders, but with medication and precise treatment, thyroid disorders can be controlled and patients can live normal lives.
Rehan A. Khan, Managing Director, Abbott India, said “The city-specific epidemiological study has helped get a true picture of the evolving profile of thyroid disorders in the post iodization phase in India. By partnering with various stakeholders, Abbott is seeking to advance understanding, increase awareness and support proper diagnosis of thyroid disorders in our country.”
About the Thyroid Epidemiological Study
The study assessed the nationwide prevalence of thyroid disorder, particularly hypothyroidism, in adults residing in various cities that represent diverse geographic origin, occupation, socio-economic status and food habits.
All men or women (residing in that area for at least 5 years) aged 18 years or over, were invited to participate in a general health checkup. More than 5,000 participants took part, giving a target population that constituted 0.01% of the total