as cases affected by local disruptions.
India’s success rate so far at harnessing the hydro potential in Arunachal Pradesh, the country’s most endowed state in terms of hydro potential and the most strategic in light of the upstream activities on the Brahmaputra by China, has been dismal. Projects like the 3,000-MW Dibang have been stuck for over four years now.
According to analysts, just two projects — state-owned NEEPCO’s 600 MW Kameng and NHPC’s 2,000 MW Lower Subhansiri — have a realistic chance of coming up on the Brahmaputra over the next five years, if all roadblocks are sufficiently ironed out.
According to analysts, if India were to harness the Brahmaputra in Arunachal through the proposed projects, it will strengthen India’s case against China’s plans for building the mega-dam at Metog. But India will have to do it before China develops its project. Under the doctrine of prior appropriation, priority right falls on the first user of river waters.
The Tsangpo flows through 1,625 km in Tibet, and then enters Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as the Siang. Further down, the Siang — after its confluence with the Dibang and Lohit — is known as the Brahmaputra. India is thus, on the downstream side of all the developments being planned in China on the river.