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The changing demographic profile is getting reflected in the growing number of electorate in the country. Between 2009 Lok Sabha election and February this year, about 10 crore new voters have been added. In contrast, between 2004 and 2009 elections, about 4.5 crore new voters were enrolled in the country’s voter list. The growing demography, coupled with increasing influence of social media and rising aspirations of young India, could result in high voter turnout in the Lok Sabha polls this summer as was seen in last year’s assembly elections.
Data released by the Election Commission of India show while states like Tamil Nadu and Haryana reported almost 30% growth in the number of electorate between 2009 and now, hilly states like Himachal Pradesh and Manipur reported modest 1.5% and 0.16% growth, respectively, in the number of voters. Overall, there has been a 14% growth in the number of voters between 2009 and now, which is the highest in a five-year period.
On a broader period of reference between 1998 and now, the total electorate size in the country grew close to 35%. During 2004 and 2014, Dadra and Nagar Haveli reported the highest rate of growth in electorate size followed by West Bengal at around 32%. Male voters constitute around 52% of the total electorate, which has been the same since 1971. Five states—Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar—account for half of the total electorate in the country.