Prime Minister Manmohan Singh did well to reinforce the message that with both domestic and foreign investors a worried lot, it was incumbent upon Parliament to send a message that India meant business. He did well to remind the country of the measures taken to clear up the regulatory logjam by the Cabinet Committee on Investments (CCI)—given he said the measures would start bearing fruit in H2, the markets took that to mean even Q2 GDP would be muted; at 4.4%, Q1 GDP fell to the lowest in 16 quarters, giving rise to the possibility of a sub-5% FY14 growth, putting in serious doubt the fiscal math.
The PM is right in asking for MPs across party lines to cooperate, but it is telling that the Bills on which the government feels the need to garner this cooperation are all populist ones like the Food Security Bill and the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill. While the food Bill will raise food subsidies by 50-60%, the land Bill makes it impossible for any land to be acquired without a lengthy social impact assessment even though land-losers are to be paid a minimum of 4 times what their land is registered for right now. A solution was required given how states often use their coercive powers to acquire land cheap for industry, but a better solution could have involved, through zoning, changing the usage for agriculture land so that farmers realise the value of the land before it changes hands. It is problematic that the government uses its political capital to take India back to the pre-reforms period in terms of rising dole as well as in its opposition to industry—it’s worth keeping in mind that the bulk of the 138 million persons who moved out of poverty between FY05 and FY12 did so because they moved out of agriculture to industry within rural India. But even more problematic is that the Opposition should criticise these Bills—read JDU President Sharad Yadav’s impassioned critique of the food Bill—and then go and support them in Parliament since, in election season, no one is taking