The arrest in New York of Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade has provoked anger and outrage, especially because she underwent a strip search that some in her home country have called degrading and unnecessary.
But such searches are a common feature of the U.S. criminal justice system, even for defendants from the elite echelons of society.
Strip searches for new inmates are routine in jails across the United States. And defendants are strip-searched every time they leave federal detention facilities, such as for court hearings, and when they return.
In the case of Khobragade, who was arrested last week over how much she paid her housekeeper, she was strip-searched under what U.S. officials said was standard practice for defendants arrested by federal authorities in New York.
While civil liberties advocates have criticized the practice as needlessly invasive and unnecessary in the majority of cases, U.S. courts have largely upheld the searches.
Last year, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that jail strip searches for new inmates were constitutional, even when there is no suspicion that an individual is hiding contraband. The decision applied to anyone arrested accused of a crime, including relatively minor infractions such as traffic violations.
In 2010, before the Supreme Court ruling, New York City agreed to pay $33 million to thousands of people who underwent strip searches in city jails to settle a class action lawsuit. But a lawyer for the plaintiffs in that case, Richard Emery, said on Thursday that a similar case would likely fail today in light of the Supreme Court ruling.
"It's one of the travesties of current developments in the Supreme Court of the United States that people can be dehumanized in this way for no reason," Emery said.
The U.S. Marshals Service, which handles transport for federal prisoners, has confirmed that Khobragade was strip-searched at a holding cell inside a New York federal courthouse.
In New York, where security is tighter than in other parts of the country, U.S. Marshals follow that procedure for anyone who is arrested and held in a courthouse cell with other detainees, a spokeswoman for the agency said.
In a rare public statement on a pending case involving his office, the chief prosecutor for Manhattan, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara, said on Wednesday that the search of Khobragade was "standard practice for every defendant, rich or poor, American or not."
Lawyers at the Federal Defenders of New York, which provides legal representation to large numbers of defendants