Column : Prowess of India’s CapEx
Capital goods production started showing signs of weakness early in 2011. By July, it was in the negative zone—lower than it was in the corresponding period of the previous year. During the July-September 2011 quarter, capital goods production was 5.8% lower than it was a year ago. In the quarter ended December, the y-o-y decline worsened to (-)16.2%.
The recovery in the capital goods index from its fall after the 2008 crisis was almost entirely lost by the December 2011 quarter, when the index was at the same level as it was three years ago in the December 2008 quarter.
This decline in the production of capital goods is reflected in the quarterly GDP growth estimates. Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) during two consecutive quarters—the September and December 2011 quarters—were lower than their respective levels a year ago. Two consecutive quarters of a y-o-y fall in the GFCF have never been seen in the
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