The Union Budget for 2013-14 is likely to include steps to modernise the country’s tax administration, reduce the compliance burden and improve transparency. It may also include some of the tax measures outlined in the proposed Direct Taxes Code (DTC) Bill in a modified form. Officials involved in the budget-making process said the focus would be on introducing changes that would be “acceptable and welcomed by the productive sectors of the economy”, a clear indication that there would not be any tax proposals that would upset the investor community.
While personal income tax rates have already been aligned with the slabs and rates proposed in DTC, corporate tax rates continue to be slightly higher than the DTC rates including cess and surcharge. Since the average effective tax rate on corporates is below 25% (despite a 4 percentage-point increase since 2006-07 due to the phasing out of exemptions), it is unlikely that the extant rates would be disturbed.
KR Sekar, partner, Deloitte, said: “We expect stability and certainty in the tax regime, measures to revive the economy and steps towards a more effective dispute resolution that unlocks the amounts involved.”
The phasing out of profit-linked incentives and replacing them with investment-linked ones had started some years ago, with more substantive moves being in the last couple of years. Yet, as far as the alignment of the existing tax provisions with the DTC is concerned, there is scope for more action in this year’s budget. Some of the concepts outlined in DTC including the General Anti-Avoidance Rules and the provision for multinationals to strike a pact with tax authorities on the way they price their cross-border trade within the group to avoid transfer pricing disputes have already been legislated. Other concepts outlined in the code such as Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) rules meant to tax the non-repatriated profits of Indian companies’ overseas subsidiaries and branch profit tax (BPT) targeting the permanent establishments of foreign companies here would need clarifications and some relaxation before their introduction. Some analysts believe finance minister P Chidambaram might address these concerns in the coming Budget, while there is