BHEL’s deteriorating metrics:Kotak

Apr 14 2014, 11:55 IST
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SummaryWeak sectoral outlook & operational traction amidst sedate ordering activity

BHEL’s Q4FY14 flash results reflect deteriorating metrics on (i) revenues (down 22% year-on-year versus 18% y-o-y decline in 9MFY14) and (ii) Ebitda margin (down 700 bps y-o-y versus 600 bps decline in Q3FY14). Slightly better order inflows were driven by industrial and spare; power down 25% y-o-y in FY14. Reiterate Sell on (i) sedate ordering activity amid strong competition, (ii) downside risk from revenue and margin trajectory, and (iii) impending (Jan 1, 2017) pay commission-related large fixed cost escalation.

n In-line sales and below-expectation margin; weakness in both exacerbates in Q4FY14.

n In-line sales. Bhel has reported in-line sales of R155 bn in Q4FY14. This represents a 22% y-o-y decline versus 18% y-o-y decline over 9M(month)FY14. Bhel commissioned/synchronised 13.4 GW of power plants for the full year, up 30% y-o-y (includes 11.2 GW for utilities).

n Sharp margin miss. Q4FY14 PBT (profit before tax) at R23.6 bn was significantly lower than our R30 bn estimate. Assuming reasonable estimates for other income and depreciation, this implies an Ebitda (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortisation) margin of 15.3% in Q4FY14 versus our estimate of 19.6% (down 700 bps y-o-y versus 600 bps y-o-y decline in Q3FY14). Year-on-year results are not comparable this year because of BHPV merger. PAT at R16 bn declined 50% y-o-y (similar decline in full-year PAT).

n We note, 2-2.5% average revision in annual PBT results (actual versus flash) over the past seven years, suggesting a much larger impact at a quarterly level. Order inflows surprise a tad, though still yield a weaker year-ending backlog. Q4FY14 order inflows at

R163 bn were better than expected (R133 bn estimate) and against declared orders of R113 bn (3.6 GW of thermal power orders, 0.3 GW of hydro power orders).

Year-end backlog of R1,015 bn suggesting a limited visibility of 2.9 years of revenues is marginally lower than at end-FY2013. For the full year, order inflows are down 11% y-o-y (domestic power down 25% y-o-y, others, i.e. industrial, spares and international, up 23% y-o-y).

Revise estimates on weak sectoral outlook and operational traction We revise our estimates to

R10 and R10.5 for FY15e (estimates) and FY2016e from R10.4 and R11.4, respectively, and retain our target price of R110. Reiterate Sell with potential earnings pressure on inadequate backlog, slower execution and margin pressures. Order inflow activity is constrained by overcapacity in power generation, sectoral issues (fuel supply, still inefficient distribution infra- structure) as well as strong

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