in February. The government had not put all spectrum for auction in November, stating that it needed to reserve some for refarming purposes. After the SC order, it had said that it would conduct another round of auctions after the March one. Thus, a scenario has emerged where the supply of spectrum has become more than demand and so the companies would not be willing to pay a high price for it.
The auctions were crucial for the government in terms of revenue because in the first round in November 2012, it could mop only R9,407 crore against the budgeted target of R40,000 crore. It had subsequently reduced the reserve price in the 1,800 MHz band in the four circles of Delhi, Mumbai, Karnataka and Rajasthan by 30%. These circles had not seen any takers in November. The reserve price in the more efficient 900 MHz band was double that of 1,800 MHz. Here, auctions were slated to take place in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata circles. While the licences of Bharti is up for renewal in November this year in Delhi and Kolkata, Vodafone needs to renew for Delhi and Mumbai. These two companies have spectrum in the 900 MHz band in these circles and the government’s plan was that they can retain 2.5 MHz of their total spectrum and participate in auctions to win back another 2.5 MHz. In the 1,800 MHz band, the plan was that the entire spectrum held by the companies would be put up for auction and they would have to win it back.
Though Sistema Shyam has come forward to take spectrum in the 800 MHz CDMA band, it would not mean anything to the government in terms of revenue as other CDMA players like Reliance Communications and Tata Teleservices have not evinced interest in auctions in this band. There were no takers for spectrum in this band in the November auctions also, which forced the government to later reduce the reserve price by 50%. Thus, a company like Sistema can procure spectrum at around Rs 2,900 crore against Rs 1,651 crore it paid in 2008.