Thanks to a relatively stable export policy and a flourishing food processing/packaging industry, India’s agricultural exports have surged since 2010-11, enabling it to acquire a larger share of the country’s overall exports. From less than a 7% share in overall exports in 2010-11, the share of exports of “agricultural and processed food products” rose to 10.6% in 2012-13. That figure has more or less been maintained for the current year.
Of course, a recent setback in guar gum shipments has tempered the pace of the growth. The sharp rise in exports of India’s agricultural products has primarily been driven by rice, wheat, processed meat, fresh fruit and vegetables.
Exports are expected to be helped by dramatic farm-sector growth (5.2-5.7%, according to the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, compared with last year’s 1.9%) likely this fiscal, due to the robust and somewhat even monsoon rainfall.
A commerce ministry official pointed out that unlike earlier, the government did not impose any ban on exports of commodities such as rice, wheat and onions since 2011 despite demands from many quarters. This, he said, helped India emerge as a key player in the global market for many key farm commodities, adding that the potential is yet to realised fully.
Notwithstanding sharp fall of 52% to R7,218 crore in exports of guar gum, which witnessed robust demand from US-based oil exploration companies in recent years, the country’s overall exports in the first two quarters of the current fiscal grew by 17% to R66,387 crore.
This has been mainly achieved through a sharp rise in rice (both Basmati and non-Basmati varieties) and meat products during the first half of the current fiscal. The country is all set to see a repeat of the 2011and 2012 target of 10 million tonnes of rice exports this year as well. In the last two years, India emerged as the world’s biggest exporter of rice, displacing traditional exporters like Thailand and Vietnam.
“Our focus on value-addition through processing and stringent adherence to global standards has paid dividends. A stable policy regime of allowing exports of value-added agricultural products have created a market