90% village households don't have refrigerators

Jul 11 2014, 18:19 IST
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Nearly half the households in villages had a television, but only less than 10 per cent owned a refrigerator in 2011-12, as per the latest govt survey. Reuters Nearly half the households in villages had a television, but only less than 10 per cent owned a refrigerator in 2011-12, as per the latest govt survey. Reuters
SummaryJust 9.4 per cent of families in villages had refrigerators in 2011-12.

Nearly half the households in villages had a television, but only less than 10 per cent owned a refrigerator in 2011-12, as per the latest government survey.

Both the items have shown an increase from 2004-05, when only a quarter of households in villages had TVs and less than 5 per cent owned refrigerators.

In contrast, about 56 per cent families in cities didn't have refrigerators in 2011-12, which is no longer considered a luxury item, while 80 per cent households had TVs.

"Refrigerators were possessed by 43.8 per cent urban households in 2011-12 compared to 31.9 per cent in 2004-05," as per National Sample Survey Organisation's 68th Round Survey of Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India.

On the other hand, just 9.4 per cent of families in villages had refrigerators in 2011-12, compared to 4.4 per cent such households in 2004-05.

Besides, nearly half the households in villages had TVs in 2011-12, compared to 26 per cent in 2004-05. In cities around 80 per cent families had television compared to 66 per cent in 2004-05.

As for the food items, the survey revealed that rice consumption per person per month in villages fell to 5.98 kg in 2011-12, compared to 6.38 kg in 2004-05. In cities, the fall in rice consumption was from 4.71 kg to 4.49 kg.

It showed however that per capita consumption of PDS rice doubled in rural India, and has risen 66 per cent in cities since 2004-05, implying that the share of PDS purchases in rice consumption has risen substantially.

Per capita consumption of wheat in 2011-12 showed a slight rise since 2004-05 of about 0.1 kg per person per month in rural areas, and a fall of 0.35 kg in urban areas.

As in case of rice, the share of PDS purchase in wheat consumption has increased considerably, with per capita consumption of PDS wheat having more than doubled since 2004-05 in both sectors.

As for other items, according to the survey, 63.5 per cent families in the villages had electric fans, while the proportion of such households was 92.7 per cent in cities in 2011-12.

In villages, 57.1 per cent families had bicycles in 2011-12, while the percentage of such households in cities was 38.6 per cent.

The proportion of rural households with motorcycles or scooters more than doubled in

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