expanding its global footprint.
For American car major General Motors, it was a year to forget with its Indian arm recalling 1.4 lakh units of its MPV Tavera in July, the largest ever recall in India.
Moreover, General Motors India had to face probe by government over alleged violation of emission norms. The company had sacked "several employees" in relation to the incident but did not disclose the exact number.
As far as vehicle recall was concerned, Ford India recalled 972 units of the diesel variants of its newly launched EcoSport to rectify the engine problem.
Earlier in the year, Toyota recalled a select lot of its premium sedan Corolla, made between January-June 2003 and sold in India as part of a global recall of 17.3 lakh vehicles to rectify defective airbags.
Maruti Suzuki India (MSI) also recalled 1,492 units of Ertiga, Swift, Dzire and A-Star models produced in October this year to rectify a possible problem with steering column.
At the end of the year, Mahindra recalled 900 units of a variant of its popular sports utility vehicle Scorpio, manufactured between October and November this year, to rectify faulty pressure valve.
The struggle for automobile companies was further enhanced as rising input costs affected their profitability, which forced them to hike prices. Different car makers started 2013 with price increase in January and it was an act that was followed up in subsequent months of April and October.
Towards the end of the year, amid declining sales the companies came up with the annual ritual of announcing that they would hike prices next year.
The year 2013 also saw one of the biggest overseas acquisitions by a domestic firm in the automobile sector with Apollo Tyres announcing to buy US-based Cooper Tire & Rubber Company in an all-cash transaction valued at around Rs 14,500 crore.
It, however, ran into trouble as the US firm dragged Apollo to court for not trying to complete the deal in time, while the domestic firm wanted a reduction in price citing issues with Cooper's problem at its Chinese plant and issues related to concessions to workers' union. The deal is still in limbo despite both the companies reiterating their stand to go ahead with it.
As for new entrants, the year saw British brand Triumph making its debut in India with bikes priced between Rs 5.7 lakh and Rs 20 lakh.
Two-wheeler market leader Hero MotoCorp on the other hand announced ambitious plans