Every third child in Gujarat is underweight, stated the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) in its performance audit of the implementation of the Centre’s Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in the state.
“Despite providing supplementary nutrition to targeted children between 2007-12, the monthly progress report (March 2012) states that every third child was underweight,” the report on General and Social Sector, which was tabled in the Gujarat State Assembly on Thursday, read.
CAG also listed several reasons for the “static and high under nutrition” prevailing in the state. “The government focused more on nutritional status of children in the age group of 3-5 years, whereas the highest malnourishment was noticed in children between 0-3 years,” the report read.
“The government focused only on weighing and recording, but not on counselling and intervention under the Nutrition and Health Education Programme under ICDS,” it added.
CAG also felt that there was “limited focus” on addressing long-term under-nutrition, which was largely due to long-term food deprivation and maternal under-nutrition (among one-third of mothers).
The scheme of providing supplementary nutrition to malnourished children also failed to reach 63 per cent beneficiaries. “As per the prescribed norms, each identified malnourished child was to get 800 calories and 20-25 gram of protein per day. The scrutiny of records of eight selected districts revealed that despite 69,400 beneficiaries identified as malnourished during March 2008-12, the Anganwadi centres in Gujarat provided only 500 calories and 12-15 grams of protein only to 25,600 beneficiaries,” the report added.
The CAG’s audit also revealed that of the 223 lakh children (6 months-3 years), pregnant women and lactating mothers enrolled under the Supplementary Nutrition Programme in Gujarat, 63 lakh beneficiaries were left out.
The Anganwadis that are the focal point of delivery of services under the ICDS Scheme (to promote holistic development of children, expectant and lactating mothers and adolescent girls) were found to be operating in cattle-sheds, under trees and in open space at several places in Gujarat.
The auditor also found that against the requirement of 75,480 Anganwadi centres in Gujarat, only 52,137 were sanctioned and 50,225 were operational. “Thus a population of 1.87