1. How GST will increase insurance premium, bank charges

How GST will increase insurance premium, bank charges

GST rates: The immediate effect will be the increase in premiums, especially for families that own health, life and car insurance policies.

By: | Updated: June 5, 2017 4:28 PM
GST rates: The immediate effect will be the increase in premiums, especially for families that own health, life and car insurance policies.

With a hike in post-GST rates to 18% from the current 15%, both the insurance sector and the banking sector are poised to get more expensive after July 1. The immediate effect will be the increase in premiums, especially for families that own health, life and car insurance policies.

GST & Insurance
Life Insurance & Health Insurance

There are 3 types of life insurance:
# Term insurance plans — basic life insurance policies
# ULIPs — insurance and investment under a single integrated plan
# Endowments (including money-back) — life insurance policies that pay a lump sum on maturity/death or a fixed sum every month (like a pension)

Service tax applicable on each type is different –

For example, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance applies service tax at the following rates:

Category Service Tax With SBC And KKC After GST
Term insurance premium

15%

18%

ULIP charges

15%

18%

Health insurance premium

15%

18%

All these rates will be replaced by 18% which will result in increase in premiums.

The value of supply of services in relation to life insurance business shall be:

1. The gross premium minus the amount allocated for investment, or savings on behalf of the policy holder, if such amount is informed to the policyholder.

For example,

Gross Premium

1000

1000

Investment Portion

600

600

Life Insurance portion

400

400

Service tax @ 15% on 400

60

—–

GST @18% on 400

—–

72

2. Single premium annuity policies- 10% of the premium

3. All other cases- 25% for 1st year and 12.5% for 2nd year onwards on the premium charged

Gross Premium p.a.

1000

1st Year
25% of value

250

GST @18% on 250

62.50

2nd year
12.5% of value

125

GST @18% on 125

22.50

4. If the entire premium is for life insurance, GST @18% will apply on the entire premium

Impact:

Both the existing and the new policyholders will face increase in the premium amounts due to increase in rates.

For insurers, the increase in taxes will be passed on to the consumers. The insurers expect higher compliance and administrative costs due to the increased number of GST returns and also effect of taxability of inter-branch services.

General Insurance

General insurance includes fire insurance, marine insurance, car insurance, theft insurance, etc. The GST rate will also be 18% on general insurance.

Impact:

For policyholders, the general insurance premium will rise as tax has increased from 15 to 18%.

Corporate policyholders, who have taken general insurance, can enjoy input tax credit on the GST paid on their policies (it was available to them even under service tax).

Life and health insurers will not have input tax credit as it is not available for life and health insurances (as they are for personal purposes). Even corporate policyholders with group life and health insurance for their employees will not enjoy any input tax credit.

Life insurance provided by government schemes are exempted from GST:

(a) Janashree Bima Yojana (JBY); or
(b) Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana (AABY);
(c) Life micro-insurance product as approved by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, having maximum amount of cover of fifty thousand rupees;
(d) Varishtha Pension BimaYojana;
(e) Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti BimaYojana;
(f) Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yogana;
(g) Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan Yojana; and
(h) Any other insurance scheme of the State Government as may be notified by Government of India on the recommendation of GSTC.

Life insurance provided by the Central Government to members of the Army, Navy and Air Force.

Banking

Banking services charge 15% service tax currently which will increase to 18% under GST. Like insurance, banking services will also become more expensive to the customers due to increase in taxes.

Most banks have now applied transaction charges on cash withdrawals from different bank ATMs or cash withdrawals from branch (first 5 for both are free). All these attract 15% service tax which will increase to 18% under the GST regime.

Banking companies
Banking companies will pass on the tax liability to their customers. However, their administrative and compliance work will increase tremendously. Branches give services to each other, which will be taxable under GST (they can later claim input tax credit). This will increase the paperwork and therefore the operating costs.

Good news for business consumers. They can now claim input tax credit on the banking services paid on their business accounts.

Conclusion
All policyholders will have to pay higher premiums on their insurance due to increase in GST rates. An average family with life, health and car insurance will find an increase of 3% in their insurance expenses. Assuming they spend a total of Rs 30,000 per annum on insurance excluding service tax, their expenses will increase by 3%, i.e., Rs 900.

(The author is CEO & Founder, ClearTax.in)

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