China’s economic data is key to copper prices. Copper prices slipped due to weak imports from its top consumer China to a four-month low. Benchmark copper on the London Metal Exchange was down 0.3 per cent at $5,497 a tonne at 0911 GMT. Earlier it fell to $5,481.50 towards Monday’s $5,462.50, the lowest since Jan 4.
Chinese imports of copper collapsed more than 30 per cent in April from a month ago to 300,000 tonnes. A higher US currency also weighed on sentiment as it makes dollar-denominated metals like copper more expensive for holders of other currencies, which potentially could subdue demand.
Moreover, there are more Copper inventories in warehouses as compared to previous months. Supply of copper scrap has tightened recently after growing in the first quarter, while disruptions at major mines earlier in 2017 are hitting availability.
Along with China, Japan, India, South Korea and Germany are other largest importers of copper. The Indian economy has the highest growth rate of 7% in the world and this is expected to cross 8% in the near future. All developmental and infrastructure projects, industrial production of cars, electronics, IT, Telecom and other sectors will see a rise in demand for copper. Along with China, India will play a major role in shoring up the demand for copper in the coming years.
All the above stated scenarios mean cheaper copper for the Indian infrastructure industry. As the Indian Elephant rumbles on, cheaper copper prices mean more expenditure by the private and the government sector across industries.
Even though demand from China is key in controlling the prices of metals, this can be easily be offset by demand from countries like India. As the Indian economy grows, sectoral spending across sectors will go up, thereby creating a new demand bank for copper. Copper being the base metal for any developing economy, cheaper availability will mean a higher demand. For India, fall in Chinese demand for copper is a boon for its growth.
However, for India to benefit from falling Copper and metal prices, it needs to increase its exports and domestic consumption which is currently very low and subdued. It needs to increase its local consumption of metals which is currently very slow due to moderate economic growth and lack of execution of proposed investments in infrastructure development.
Going forward, we see India will increase its consumption as the government will start spending on infrastructure development across states. After the thumping win in the Uttar Pradesh elections, the government would be spending a massive amount in the development of infrastructure in this state alone as promised during the elections. With more states coming into the current government’s portfolio the overall expenditure would have a huge impact on the copper prices. Added to this is the 100 Smart City program of the government, where copper would play a key role in infrastructure development.
India with its tremendous potential can control metal prices as China slips. China still consumes half of world’s metals but this figure is on the decline. Countries like India can easily replace China if proper policies are implemented and executed by the Indian government.
The author is chairman, AMIDT Group