India, the world’s third-biggest energy consumer, is striving to grow its natural gas use and shift away from oil and coal for power and industry, but its lack of gas import infrastructure is stymieing faster adoption of the cleaner-burning fuel.
And while India is the world’s fourth-biggest importer of liquefied natural gas (LNG) – behind Japan, South Korea and China – and is seen as a market on the rise, growth in consumption of the fuel is still far outpaced by oil and coal.
Consultancy KPMG said in a presentation to the Petrotech conference in New Delhi the lagging development of natural gas infrastructure has helped to cut its portion of India’s energy basket in half from a high of 12 percent five years ago.
“India is a compelling market … (but) continues to lack infrastructure to support a gas-based economy,” Hamad Mubarak Al Muhannadi, chief executive of Qatar’s RasGas, told delegates at the conference on Tuesday. “Coal and liquid fuels continue to meet the majority of India’s energy needs.”
India’s LNG imports from RasGas represent around 10 percent of the Middle Eastern nation’s overall annual output. RasGas has a big presence in India through its 25-year contract with top importer of the fuel, Petronet LNG, and provides more than 50 percent of the country’s LNG shipments.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, addressing the conference on Monday, called natural gas the “next-generation fossil fuel, cheaper and less polluting.” But he acknowledged the need to improve India’s gas import infrastructure to meet demand.
Modi said his government planned to extend piped gas to 10 million houses over the next five years; double the length of the national pipeline network to 30,000 km; and build a new gas line to the underdeveloped eastern region.
India’s oil ministry is planning to invest up to $15 billion in developing pipelines and setting up LNG terminals over the next five years, a senior government official told Reuters on Tuesday.
State-owned consultancy Engineers India Ltd has also signed an agreement with Gazprom to study the construction of a gas pipeline to India from Russia, the Indian government said in a statement in October.
“It’s important that the exuberance of foreign companies is met with infrastructure to be able to absorb that supply,” the government official told Reuters, declining to be named.
A Gazprom executive told Reuters his company wanted to be “as big as RasGas in India” given the country’s market size and its fast-growing economy. It already has a long-term supply agreement with state-controlled GAIL India Ltd.
“India is a great market, it is a growth market. We would like to have a good share,” said Frederic Barnaud, chief commercial officer of marketing and trading for Gazprom.
India renegotiated a long-term LNG supply deal with RasGas last year, nearly halving the price and avoiding a $1.5 billion penalty fee for lifting less gas than agreed as customers there preferred cheaper spot supplies.