When it comes to ponder some of the big issues of 2016, global warming grabs the front seat. It was confirmed when May 19 made a new record for India when Phalodi in Rajasthan recorded 51 degree Celsius temperature – ‘very likely’ this is set to be the hottest year on record. As per the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the average temperature in 2016 would even be higher that the earlier record-breaking temperatures in 2015, which means 16 of the 17 hottest years till date have been in this century (last record year was 1998).
WMO during its ongoing UN climate conference said that the global temperatures in 2016 are 1.2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The report sought significance at the conference where countries on a global scale gathered to talk upon the different ways and means to implement the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is a collective effort to keep the average global temperature below 2 degree Celsius above the pre-industrial level by 2010.
The WMO report is meant to show an urgency of such collective actions as it highlights the countries that have seen an immense spike in temperature levels. Though it noted that the temperature splurged in the early months of the year because of the powerful El Nino event of 2015-16, the contribution of the overall global warming cannot be ruled out.
The WMO report also noted that the global temperatures for January to September 2016 have been about 0.88 degree Celsius above the average for the 1961-1990 reference period. WMO is likely to roll out the final statement for the year 2016 early next year. The present classification also includes input from its UN partners on the humanitarian impact.