1. Reducing ‘depression’ to ‘checklist of symptoms’ not of much use

Reducing ‘depression’ to ‘checklist of symptoms’ not of much use

A new research has revealed that depression is too often reduced to a checklist of symptoms.

By: | Published: October 24, 2015 9:16 AM

A new research has revealed that depression is too often reduced to a checklist of symptoms.

How can you tell if someone is depressed? The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the ‘bible’ of psychiatry – diagnoses depression when patients tick off a certain number of symptoms on the DSM checklist.

A large-scale quantitative study coordinated at KU Leuven, Belgium, now shows that some symptoms play a much bigger role than others in driving depression, and that the symptoms listed in DSM may not be the most useful ones.

To diagnose depression, psychiatrists typically tally up the number of depression symptoms that patients report in questionnaires. It does not matter which of the symptoms these patients have, as long as they have a certain number of them.

People need to stop thinking of depression as a disease that causes a number of interchangeable symptoms, says lead author Eiko Fried, adding depression is a complex, extremely heterogeneous system of interacting symptoms and some of these symptoms may be far more important than others.

So where does that leave psychiatry? Has the time come to chuck the DSM checklist of depression symptoms? “Ideally, the list of depression symptoms should become more comprehensive to do justice to the heterogeneity of depression. I also think both clinicians and researchers can learn a lot from paying more attention to individual symptoms and their interactions. But of course, we need much more research before we can actually replace the DSM diagnosis of depression with something else” noted Fried.

The study is published in Journal of Affective Disorders.

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  1. A
    Oct 24, 2015 at 11:29 am
    How many more people are going to try to take their own lives because of depression, before something other than throwing drugs at the problem is done? Far too many talented and wonderful people are losing their lives to this awful illness, and it seems to be getting worse. I suggest anyone suffering from depression reads this review on the Destroy Depression? System. It is written by someone who recovered from depression and PTSD, and teaches 7 natural steps which help to banish depression from your life.I tried it and its working, hope it does to you also! ()
    1. Emma Costello
      Oct 24, 2015 at 7:16 pm
      In my opinion, more natural treatments for depression such as the Destroy Depression system should get more exposure, because it is written by somebody who has actually been through depression and came out the other side. It teaches 7 natural steps which figures show work way better than current ‘treatments’.

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