Creation of indigenous tools along with building human capacity with relevant capabilities is imperative to secure India’s cyberspace. While the government should create a robust policy environment and ensure adequate technology support, businesses should not limit their efforts towards cyber resilience merely for compliance, but practise self-regulation, says a report titled ‘Securing the Nation’s Cyberspace’ by PwC-Assocham. Citizens’ participation in mitigating cyber risks is also becoming increasingly important. Promoting a cyber safe culture for responsible cyber behaviour will be key to ensuring security of India in cyberspace, the report said. The UK, US and Australia have benefitted from national public awareness campaigns to drive behaviourial change on cyber security. Sivarama Krishnan, partner & leader—Cyber Security, PwC India said, “Cyber threats can cause crises that can not only lead to national threats, but also affect business continuity, cause financial and reputation loss. Therefore, it is in the interest of businesses that cyber security becomes a priority and not just a mandate to comply with. It is critical that all economic participants in a country pay attention to cyber security and develop adequate measures to identify, protect, detect, respond and recover processes and capabilities in the face of threats. Businesses today need to urgently and proactively invest in it.” The report stresses on the need for an inclusive approach to create a secure business ecosystem, where the government, industry sectors, standard bodies and businesses all have to play their role in creating a secure environment. “Apart from the government and enterprises, India’s academic institutions also have a key role to play in this fight for cybersecurity. Academia and industry need to collaborate to generate interest and find innovative solutions to cyber security issues. This collaboration is also needed to ensure India has the trained manpower needed to implement its cyber strategies.” Krishnan added.