GOBAR-Dhan Yojana: During his monthly radio address ‘Mann Ki Baat’, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday talked about the GOBAR-Dhan scheme which would be useful for converting waste into energy. PM Modi said that this year’s budget has laid emphasis on the GOBAR-Dhan scheme focussed on turning ‘waste to wealth’ and ‘waste to energy’ through Bio gas, under the Swachch Bharat Campaign. The Prime Minister urged entrepreneurs to step forward and through creation of self-help groups and cooperative societies, extract full advantage from the Gobar Dhan Yojana. He asked people to become a part of the initiative to convert waste in villages to wealth and by converting dung into ‘Gobar dhan.’
What is Gobar-Dhan Yojana?
GOBAR is an acronym for Galvanizing Organic Bio Agro Resources. The aim of this scheme is to ensure cleanliness in villages and generate wealth and energy by converting cattle dung and solid agricultural waste into compost and Bio Gas. Under the Swachch Bharat Mission (Rural), the Central government strides to use animal dung and other bio-waste to produce energy like some European countries and China. This is hugely helpful for the country as India is home to the highest cattle population in the world, close to 300 million in number, with a daily output of 3 million tonnes of dung.
A target has been set to use cattle dung, agricultural waste, kitchen waste to produce Bio gas-based energy. Meanwhile, the Gobar Dhan Scheme will encourage the farmers to consider dung and other waste not just as a waste but as a source of income. The Gobar Dhan scheme or Gobar Dhan Yojana will provide many benefits to the rural people. It will be easier to keep the village clean and sanitized, livestock health will improve and farm yields will increase. Biogas generation will increase self-reliance in energy utilized for cooking and lighting. Farmers and cattle herders will be helped in augmenting their income. There will be novel opportunities for newer jobs linked to waste collection, transportation, biogas sales etc. In addition to this, an online trading platform will be created for better implementation of Gobar Dhan Yojana that will connect farmers to buyers so that they can get the right price for dung and agricultural waste.