When it comes to population control in a country of 1.25 crore people, equal participation of males and females is what generally expected. However, the contribution of males in this cause remains shockingly low. The government data shows that women continue to constitute 98 per cent of the sterilised population. This is despite of the fact that procedure for sterilisation is relatively less complicated for men. As per the government data for the year 2015-16, of the total 41,41,502 sterilisations done in India, 40,61,462 were ‘tubectomies’, a term used for females. In the year 2014, out of a total 40,30,409 sterilisations, 39,52,043 were tubectomies and, in 2013-14, the corresponding numbers were 43,03,568 and 42,13,172. The primary reason for the male apathy towards sterilisation is age old myth of the males becoming “weak” after the surgery. The myth in Indian males about losing their sexual prowess has transferred the entire burden of population control on to women in a country.
‘Vasectomy’ is the formal term used for male sterilisation. Figures say that in 2013-14, Mizoram scored a zero is vasectomies, Arunachal Pradesh did 2, and Meghalaya and Nagaland 14 and 15 respectively. The government is also running a new “Mission Parivar Vikas” for the sake of population control. Among the states that are now a part of this new initiative, Uttar Pradesh did 8,375 vasectomies and 2,62,758 tubectomies in 2013-14; 9,798 vasectomies and 2,28,198 tubectomies in 2014-15; and 6,042 vasectomies and 2,25,616 tubectomies in 2015-16.