Nagpur today became the first city in India to have electric mass mobility system with a fleet of 200 electric vehicles, including taxis, buses, e-rickshaw and autos. Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, along with Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, inaugurated India’s first multi-modal electric vehicle project at the Nagpur Airport Complex here. “Electric mass mobility ecosystem in Nagpur will bring about a transformational change in the automotive and transportation landscape in the country,” Gadkari said. With this, Maharashtra has become the first state to provide various incentives to e-taxis.
Speaking at the event, Fadnavis said, “To promote electric fleet, we have waived VAT, road tax, and registration for all electric vehicles in the state, and we look forward to building Maharashtra as a model state for others to emulate in future.” The pilot project here will commence with a 200-strong fleet, including 100 of Mahindra’s new e2o Plus vehicles. The rest will consist of vehicles sourced from other OEMs, including Tata Motors, Kinetic, BYD and TVS, among others. Taxi aggregator Ola has already invested upwards of Rs 50 crore towards EVs and charging infrastructure, starting with 50 plus charging points across 4 strategic locations in Nagpur.
Gadkari said, “Large-scale adoption of electric vehicles can bring the monumental change that we urgently need, and in this endeavour, we launched the 100 per cent EV nation by 2030 mission.” The state government will gradually ramp up the operations of electric taxis in all major cities of Maharashtra. Pawan Goenka, Managing Director, Mahindra and Mahindra, said the company will lead this charge in India with the government. Bhavish Aggarwal, co-founder and CEO, Ola, stressed that electric mobility in a multi-modal format will be the key towards realising the company’s mission of building mobility for a billion Indians.
With an eye on promoting eco-friendly transport, the government will be ready with its electric vehicle policy by December. Accelerated adoption of electric and shared vehicles could save USD 60 billion in diesel and petrol costs while cutting down as much as 1 gigatonne (GT) of carbon emissions for India by 2030, government think-tank Niti Aayog said in a joint report with Rock Mountain Institute earlier this month.
A group of ministers, constituted to prepare the draft plan for the electric vehicle policy, has submitted recommendations to the Cabinet Secretary and is now preparing the draft plan. A number of Indian companies have also shown their interest in investing in electric vehicles and the related infrastructure. The policy will include both light and heavy weight electric vehicles like cars and buses.
Dispelling concerns on lack of infrastructure for charging such vehicles, the minister said a charging station is being set up. Gadkari also said he will soon be meeting Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to request for a lower tax slab for vehicles run on ethanol, bio diesel and bio CNG. “I will also request him to reduce tax rate on hybrid vehicles in order to tackle air pollution in the long run,” he said.
The NITI Aayog report estimates that India can conservatively save up to 64 per cent of anticipated passenger mobility-related energy demand and 37 per cent of carbon emissions by 2030. At current oil prices, this would imply a net fuel cost saving of approximately Rs 3.9 lakh crore by 2030, the report said. According to Gadkari, there are massive plans to develop low-cost lithium-ion batteries in India and efforts are on to remodel the battery made by Indian Space Research Organisation to make it fit for use in electric vehicles.
Maruti Suzuki has shown interest in developing lithium ion batteries, he said. The government is aggressively trying to push the sales and production of electric vehicles in the country through schemes such as FAME India, which may have caught the fancy of Chinese automobile manufacturers such as BYD and SAIC that are already investing heavily in electric technology.
A 12 per cent levy on pure electric vehicles (EVs) has been proposed under the goods and services tax regime, a move that reflects the government’s intention to push its adoption. “It is our policy to encourage electric cars and buses. Shortly, I will be coming out with a policy regarding this. Hybrid cars should also be encouraged, it saves fuel,” he explained.
Electric and hybrid vehicles along with alternative fuels like ethanol are gaining traction as part of efforts to reduce India’s crude oil import bill.
“We import crude worth Rs 7 lakh crore. Electric, ethanol, bio diesel, bio CNG these are import substitutes and are cost effective, pollution free and indigenous too,” Gadkari added. With an aim to promote eco-friendly vehicles, the government had launched the FAME India scheme in 2015 offering incentives on electric and hybrid vehicles of up to Rs 29,000 for bikes and Rs 1.38 lakh for cars.