The overall rainfall across the country this monsoon matched the early predictions of 96 percent. Despite the numbers, 17 percent of the country saw major rainfall deficiencies amounting to at least 20 percent. These areas include Uttar Pradesh Delhi, Punjab and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Indian Meteorological Department’s season-ending report shows that Uttar Pradesh received about 30 percent less rainfall than its normal, while Delhi had a 26 percent shortfall. Punjab (-22 percent), eastern Madhya Pradesh (-24 percent) and Vidarbha (-23 percent) also received very less rain, Indian Express reported.
On one hand were some parts received scarce or no rainfall, 18 percent of the country including Tamil Nadu, western Rajasthan and Gujarat received excess rainfall. the remaining 65 percent of the country including the southern peninsula and central India received normal rainfall. K Srivastava, head of climate monitoring and analysis group at IMD, Pune, said, ” The rainfall this year has been peculiar in its distribution. Most systems originated in the Bay of Bengal while the Arabian Sea remained largely inactive this season. Thus, monsoon winds mostly skirted the west coast, thereby bringing lesser rainfall in Kerala, coastal Karnataka.”
The southwest monsoon that set in on a promising note arriving on May 30 over Kerala, lost its vigour during the second half of the season. Extremely heavy rainfall events were repeatedly experienced. Areas which received rainfall in excess of 210 mm within 24 hours were flooded. Flashfloods in different parts of India rendered thousands displaced.