This refers to reports of the CJI becoming emotional on the aspect of the very low number of judges in the country at a recent conference. Indian Judicial Service (IJS) should be constituted for better quality of judges. Regarding appointments in higher judiciary, a permanent National Judicial Commission (NJC) should be constituted with retired SC judges as member-nominees of the PM, opposition leader, CJI and Bar Council of India with CVC as member-secretary. It will thus have a judicially-refined say of legislature in appointment of judges. Moreover, sitting judges and others on posts will not have to be involved in appointment-process. The appointment-process should be made public after completion. It is for SC to come out with such suggestions also because SC, in its verdict, has itself admitted the need for improvement in the present process. NJC should be the only authority to suggest names of retired judges in all judicial panels/commissions appointed by the Centre/states.There should be a ban of two years in post-retirement postings of retiring judges. Even chairpersons of Human Rights Commissions at national and state level should be selected from amongst retired judges of SC by NJC, after two years of their retirement.
Subhash Chandra Agrawal, Delhi
Economies of China, India, and the US are major regions where water-use is outstripping supply. Socio-economic impacts of water shortage have the potential to create unrest. States at ‘extreme risk’ include Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan, while Delhi, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal are rated at ‘high risk.’ India extracts more groundwater than any other country. Globally, 56% of fresh-water withdrawal is used for agriculture. In India, this is as high as 90% . We have spent decades in politicising drought to cultivate vote-banks. China is tackling water shortages in its north eastern provinces through the ambitious South-North Water Diversion Project, which has already cost $22 billion. A pity that in 2016 we are fighting over the SYL canal.
R Narayanan, Ghaziabad