The key to India becoming a permanent member of the UN Security Council is “not to touch the veto”, US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley has said as she identified Russia and China as the two global powers against changes in the current structure of the Security Council. “(This reform of the UN Security Council) is much more about the veto. The permanent five (members of the Security Council) have the ability to veto. Russia, China, UK (United Kingdom), US and France and none of them want to give that up. So, the key to getting India on the Security Council would have to be not to touch the veto,” Haley said at an event organised on the US Capitol by US India Friendship Council.
US is open to Security Council reform and always have been responding, she said in response to a question from Swadesh Chatterjee, chair of the US India Friendship Council after she delivered her keynote remarks on “The Role of Congress in Promoting US-India Cooperation on International Issues.” Haley said the US Congress or the Senate can’t have much role in reforming the Security Council. “Not really. They really can’t. Because members of the Security Council are not going to listen to the Congress on the shape of the Security Council,” she observed.
Haley said the US is already on board, but there is need to focus “on Russia and China”, the two permanent members of the Security Council who “do not want to see any” changes in the Security Council. “It’s a UN issue, it’s going to require UN reform and I think, India has to go and bring together as many supporters as it can in order to really effect that change in the Security Council,” Haley said. For long India has been calling for reform of the UN Security Council. India and a large number of countries believe that the current UN and its powerful Security Council does not reflect the ground realities of the 21st century.
Last month, foreign minister of G4 countries – India, Brazil, Germany and Japan – met in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly to push their case for reform of the Security Council including expansion of its permanent and non-permanent members. India has also received support from several other multilateral groupings during the current General Assembly session in this regard, including BRICS and IBSA. Several countries have taken up the floor of general assembly to support India’s permanent membership.