1. India, Pakistan nuclear arsenal on rise as it decreases slowly elsewhere

India, Pakistan nuclear arsenal on rise as it decreases slowly elsewhere

India and Pakistan, the two South Asian nuclear giants, are increasing their nuclear weapon stockpiles and missile delivery capabilities even as across the world the reduction in nuclear weapons remains slow, an international think-tank said on Monday.

By: | New Delhi | Published: June 14, 2016 9:38 AM
The reductions are the result of three arms limitation treaties signed since 1991, as well as unilateral force reductions by the world's two nuclear superpowers. (Reuters) The reductions are the result of three arms limitation treaties signed since 1991, as well as unilateral force reductions by the world’s two nuclear superpowers. (Reuters)

India and Pakistan, the two South Asian nuclear giants, are increasing their nuclear weapon stockpiles and missile delivery capabilities even as across the world the reduction in nuclear weapons remains slow, an international think-tank said on Monday.

The two countries were estimated to have increased their nuclear warheads with Pakistan slightly ahead of India. At the start of 2016 Pakistan had 110-130 warheads while India was behind with 100-120, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said.

The world’s biggest nuclear powers, the US and Russia, are slowly reducing their nuclear arsenals but are modernising their capacities, it said.

Nine states – the US, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – had 15,395 nuclear warheads at the start of 2016, including 4,120 which were operationally deployed, the institutes’s annual report said.

At the beginning of 2015, the number was 15,850.

“Global nuclear weapon inventories have been declining since they peaked at nearly 70,000 nuclear warheads in the mid-1980s.

The decline has been due primarily to cuts made in the Russian and US nuclear forces,” researchers Shannon Kile and Hans Kristensen wrote in the report.

China says more talks needed to build consensus on nuclear export club

The reductions are the result of three arms limitation treaties signed since 1991, as well as unilateral force reductions by the world’s two nuclear superpowers.

“However, the pace of their reductions appears to be slowing compared with a decade ago, and neither Russia nor the US has made significant reductions in its deployed strategic nuclear forces since the bilateral New START treaty” entered into force in 2011, SIPRI said.

  1. Aazar Kund
    Jun 14, 2016 at 10:28 am
    stan has been dragged into this nuclear arms race. India was the only country that introduce nuclear weapons in South Asia. stan only responded top nuclear threat from India. Today' one should not blame stan's nuclear program rather one should ask India for its unprecedented weapons buildup.
    Reply
    1. Rabia Javed
      Jun 14, 2016 at 10:48 am
      Its a for tat situation. stan is just keeping the regional equilibrium and is trying to keep up pace in reactions to whatever India did. Because its India which is regularly increasing its nuclear nal and making secret nuclear cities.
      Reply
      1. Anaya Shahid
        Jun 15, 2016 at 10:49 am
        Such reports are just propaa and especially these reports are reported by Press Trust of India to defame stan. Realistically, the situation is opposite stan’s nuclear nal is not increasing at fast speed. Similarly, India is also not increasing at fast speed. However, Indian fissile material stockpile is huge and India has the capability of developing more than 1000 nuclear weapons within no time.
        Reply

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