1. Happy Engineer’s Day 2017: Who is Sir M Visvesvaraya, the man who revolutionised irrigation

Happy Engineer’s Day 2017: Who is Sir M Visvesvaraya, the man who revolutionised irrigation

Happy Engineer's Day 2017: Right from the invention of the wheel to the creation of Hyperloop transportation, engineers have provided the vital push to human harnessing technology for their use.

By: | New Delhi | Published: September 15, 2017 4:47 PM
A Bharat Ratna awardee, Visvesvaraya had studied Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras. (Source: IE)

Happy Engineer’s Day 2017: Right from the invention of the wheel to the creation of Hyperloop transportation, engineers have provided the vital push to human harnessing technology for their use. Taking note of the contribution of engineers and their importance, countries around the world celebrate Engineer’s Day. On one hand, where Russia celebrates Engineer’s Day on December 22, Mexico on July 1 and Italy on June 15, India, on the other hand, has marked September 15 as National Engineer’s Day. This was done with the express purpose of appreciating the contribution of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya who was born on September 15, 1861, in a village called Muddenahalli in Karnataka.

As per Indian Express report, Visvesvaraya studied Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras and pursued civil engineering at College of Science, Pune. A Bharat Ratna awardee, Visvesvaraya later patented and installed an irrigation system at Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune. The irrigation system had floodgates and was built to raise the food supply and storage to the highest level. The same irrigation system was also announced at Tiger Dam, Gwalior and Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) dam, Mysuru. Interestingly, the Krishnaraja Sagara dam was the largest reservoir in Asia back in those times, as per IE report.

Other than engineering, Visvesvaraya was also called the “precursor of economic planning in India.” as per the Institution of Engineers India (IEI), the report added. He is best known for his discourse “Planned Economy for India and Reconstructing India” which was the first of its kind to describe the country’s planning efforts. Moreover, in 1915, he was knighted as a Commander of the British Indian empire by King George V. Visvesvaraya was also the Diwan of Mysuru at that time.

Visvesvaraya was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1955. Also, he was inducted as the member of the London Institution of Civil Engineers before getting a fellowship by the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru. The outstanding engineer passed away in 1962, leaving the world with his massive contributions. His memorial stands at Muddenahalli, which is managed by the Visvesvaraya National Memorial Trust as his name lives on through various universities including Visvesvaraya Technological University in Belagavi.

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