1. Donald Trump touts program with dark history as deportation model

Donald Trump touts program with dark history as deportation model

As proof that he can successfully and humanely deport the estimated 11 million people living in the U.S. illegally, Republican presidential contender Donald Trump often touts the efforts of Eisenhower administration in 1950s.

By: | Published: November 12, 2015 3:08 PM

As proof that he can successfully and humanely deport the estimated 11 million people living in the U.S. illegally, Republican presidential contender Donald Trump often touts the efforts of the Eisenhower administration in the 1950s.

Donald Trump did so again in this week’s Republican debate, saying ”you don’t get nicer, you don’t get friendlier” than President Dwight D. Eisenhower. ”They moved 1.5 million out,” the billionaire real estate mogul said. ”We have no choice. We have no choice.”

But the program to which Trump refers, known as ”Operation Wetback,” was a complicated undertaking largely viewed by historians as a dark moment in America’s past. Also lost in Trump’s telling is that it coincided with a guest worker program that provided legal status to hundreds of thousands of largely Mexican farm workers.

”He’s only got part of the story,” said Mae Ngai, a professor of history at Columbia University.

The operation was named after a term for Mexicans who crossed the Rio Grande that is now viewed a racial slur. The 1954 initiative was aimed at apprehending and deporting agricultural workers who had crossed the border illegally looking for work.

According to a summary of the project from the Texas State Historical Association, the United States Border Patrol ”aided by municipal, county, state, and federal authorities, as well as the military, began a quasi-military operation of search and seizure of all unauthorized immigrants.”

The project, Ngai said, began with 750 immigration officers and border control agents, who used jeeps, trucks, buses and airplanes to apprehend migrants nationwide. They apprehended 3,000 people a day and 170,000 during its first three months.

In an interview Wednesday morning on MSNBC’s ”Morning Joe,” Trump indicated he would take a similar approach. ”You’re going to have a deportation force, and you’re going to do it humanely,” he said.

Critics of the program say the conditions for those the agents apprehended were anything but humane. Many of the apprehended migrants were transported in crowded buses and dumped on the other side of the border in a manner some at the time equated with the treatment of livestock.

Some of those apprehended were sent deep into the interior of Mexico to prevent re-entry by train or cargo ship, where conditions drew the attention of federal regulators.

One congressional investigation likened a transport ship that was the site of a riot to an ”eighteenth century slave ship” and a ”penal hell ship.”

Trump touted the approach as a virtue of Eisenhower-era program in Tuesday night’s debate.

”Moved a 1.5 million illegal immigrants out of this country, moved them just beyond the border. They came back. Moved them again beyond the border, they came back. Didn’t like it,” Trump said. ”Moved them way south. They never came back.”

Trump also leaves out of his advocacy for the Eisenhower-era approach the fact the program was developed to complement a guest worker program that began in the 1940s and was aimed at allowing Mexican farmworkers to enter the country and work in the U.S. legally.

Hundreds of thousands of farm workers did so, and the deportation effort was conceived as a way to pressure employers into using the guest worker program.

”It was like a carrot and a stick,” Ngai said.

While Trump has put the number of deportations at 1.5 million, most accounts suggest the numbers are far fewer, because they included those who chose to leave the country voluntarily as well as people who returned after being deported and were deported again.

Trump has yet to yet to lay out precisely how he would track down those living in the country illegally, or how he would determine who are ”the good ones” that he would allow to return. Both John Kasich, Ohio’s governor, and Jeb Bush, the former governor of Florida, rejected Trump’s plan on Tuesday night as unrealistic and cruel.

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  1. David Francis
    Nov 13, 2015 at 8:25 am
    FOR TRUMP AS PRESIDENT, OR EVEN TED CRUZ SHOULD IMPLEMENT FEDERAL E-VERIFY FOR ALL 50 STATES. THIS WILL END THE ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS STEALING JOBS, WITH THE ISTANT OF DISHONEST EMPLOYERS SEEKING CHEAP LABOR. Truth is I am not an advocate for Chris Christie, but he is absolutely correct on one of the most key priorities in the coming 2016 general election? Other than Donald Trumps wall, the program E-Verify MUST be made MANDATORY. A FEDERAL MANDATORY STATUTE! Currently its use as a MANDATORY E-VERIFY vetting service, has been derailed by the wrecking crew in the business sector. It's NOT mandatory, it's a loose procedure that employers can take it or leave it? Government doesn't influence me, but this non-substantiated potion figure for the illegal alien invasion of just 12 million plus has no credence? The tracking system comes from the Census Bureau and it's impossible to imply a realistic number of people who have incessantly broken the law. Shielded by relatives or just hiding from the Census enumerators who knock on doors, cannot get an accurate poce calculation. To me and the more free thinking media, the figures that resound more realistically is well over the Census number of that has remained for decades of 12 million? On the Internet it is estimated at something like 20 to 30 million illegal aliens? WHO KNOWS? Mr. Trump has brought to the surface this festering anger and growing frustration that the taxpayers must pay for it all; the welfare, education, low income housing, emergency room care and a host of other benefits for their progeny; the illegal parents even get food stamps and cash payments for each child, well aware that they are not getting deported? NO WONDER OTHER COUNTRIES AS MEXICO LAUGH AT US, BECAUSE WE ARE TAKING $100 BILLION TO $200 BILLION A YEAR FROM HARD WORKING TAXPAYERS, IN PANDERING TO ILLEGAL ALIENS? Trustworthy lawful immigrants that arrive here after waiting patiently, see that could have easily crossed the Southern border or hopped on a plane and the just disappeared into our society? By sneaking into the sovereign country as a common criminal, pregnant women can take advantage of the ludicrous 14th Amendment of birthright Citizenship? Whether Donald Trump can get this piece of fabricated law of illegal parents gaining acceptance to stay, could aborted by the studied in the Supreme Court. However we do have E-verify and just as Chris Christie would place it on his agenda, Donald Trump should place it on the front burner. Whereas the long drawn out battle in the courts over Birthright Citizenship, and his plan to use a method of ICE going from door to door and arresting illegal aliens. In 1954 there was public discontent with illegal immigration rising and issue of job displacement by American workers was unsettling and a dangerous situation. The anti-immigration sequence of events prolonged to issues of criminal activity, public health menace, and welfare reliance as its happening now. Six decades ago the people are beginning to understand the financial consequences of the unrestrained illegal migrant invasion from Mexico. Back in 1954 it was the American Federation of Labor’s Executive Council advertised quite successfully of the job loses; so Ike was forced to do something and that was m deportation. In Alabama, Arizona, Mississippi, and South Carolina E-Verify was mandated for all new hires in their states, which means that every time an employee is hired the owner of the company must use the E-Verify system to check the worker’s ability to legally work. In a report from Homeland Security it was confirmed employers are not using E-Verify despite the mandates in some states. Should Donald Trump become our new President his major agenda of attacking the illegal alien invasion by using the same system as President Eisenhower would be conceived as inhuman, but if he signed into law MANDATORY E-VERIFY for all 50 states it would save huge funding, because their would be no need to deploy armed troops and (INS) immigration and Naturalization Enforcement. With MANDATORY E-VERIFY and a system of tracking people arriving into the United States, illegal Immigration would be brought to a call. However, it cannot just be new hires, but everybody in any workplace, including the US government and their contractors must be vetted. Right now this OPTIONAL method is not working, as business owners mandated states are ignoring the law. Mandatory E-Verification must be implemented on a federal level. Nobody should be above the law and database mechanism should be a portable unit for ICE agents. OVER TIME AND EMPLOYERS HAVING TO KEEP LOOKING OVER THEIR SHOULDER FOR HIRING CHEAP LABOR, THE WORD WOULD SOON GET OUT. THE SHADOW OF A PRISON SENTENCE WOULD DETER ANY PERSON FROM EMPLOYING UNAUTHORIZED WORKERS. NO WORK! MEN AND MEN WOULD HAVE TO DECIDE, THAT THEIR ONLY COURSE OF ACTION WOULD BE LEAVING AND RETURNING TO THEIR PLACE OF BIRTH. FAMILIES WOULD NOT BE SPLIT UP, AS THEY WOULD GO HOME WITH THE PARENTS. MANDATED E-VERIFY AND THE HARSH PUNISHMENT FOR EMPLOYERS WOULD BE THE PERFECT DETERRENT FOR THE UNKNOWN POTION ALREADY HERE OR NEW ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS WHO HAD IT IN THEIR MIND BEING SIGNALED BY KING OBAMA'S FREEBIES FOR EVERYBODY. Informants who are prior workers or currently working should be used and rewarded for isting ICE agents from clamping down on business people. It stands to reason that if companies were hit with suspension of a business licenses, fines and even prison time. HOW QUICKLY CORPORATE, BUSINESSES AND INDUSTRY WOULD FOLLOW THE MANDATED E-VERIFY? Disloyal companies in the wide spectrum of work, from repairing roads to stable hands and much more must be identified with the program? Other politicians in the GOP establishment and even on the Left will be bought off by US Chamber of Commerce, Unions, and a mulude of wealthy donors and special interests. The American public cannot let this happen. The corruption in Washington is substantial and everybody is for , except for Donald Trump. P ON TO EVERYBODY.

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