Diwali, one of the most celebrated religious festival for Hindus would be celebrated on the 30th of October this year. Diwali is one of the most widely celebrated festival for Hindus in India. The festival, which also marks the starting of a new year according to the Hindu calender, comes every year in the month of Karthik falls on ‘amavysa’ or new moon.
It is believed that Hindu God, Rama returned to his kingdom after his victory against Ravana on this day and since it was the night of ‘amavysa’, people lit up the kingdom with diyas. Lord Ram is also believed to be the avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu, the creator of the world.
Hindus across the world celebrate the festival with a lot of zeal and enthusiasm. Houses are cleaned and decorated to welcome the goddess of wealth and prosperity, Goddess Laxmi. Diyas and oil lamps are lit, sweets and gifts exchanged among friends and relatives and Diwali puja is performed. It is believed that Idols of gods and goddess along with silver and gold coins when bathed in milk please the God and god’s blessings are bestowed upon their worshippers. People also make Rangoli in order to make goddess Laxmi feel welcomed.
The festival also marks the onset of the harvest season and hence is celebrated with much excitement among the farmers. As the mythology goes, Diwali is also associated with the story of Yama and Nachiketa from the holy text of Upanishad. The two characters from the text, Yama and Nachiketa are considered the embodiment of knowledge and the victory of good over evil.
It is also believed that Diwali Puja must be performed in a particular time frame, the following are the timings specified by the religious heads:
Lakshmi Puja Muhurat: 6:27 pm to 8:09 pm
Pradosh Kaal: 5:33 pm to 8:09 pm
Vrishabha Kaal: 6:27 pm to 8:22 pm