1. With OBOR, China becomes ‘real’ third party in Kashmir: How India can counter the dragon

With OBOR, China becomes ‘real’ third party in Kashmir: How India can counter the dragon

India’s arguments with China on the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative have helped bring the triangular dynamic between India, Pakistan, and China in Jammu and Kashmir into sharp focus, says C Raja Mohan.

By: | New Delhi | Updated: May 16, 2017 6:20 PM
china india pakistan, cpec, china pok, kashmir dispute, obor, belt and road initiative, brf, bri, belf and road forum, china pakistan, pakistan china, dawn Masked Kashmiri stone pelters take cover as a tear gas shell explodes near them in Srinagar, Kashmir on Friday last. (AP Photo)

As China embarks on ambitious OBOR (One Belt, One Road) initiative, which includes CPEC as the flagship project, it is high time for India make its geopolitical strategy fool-proof, especially in the neighbourhood. While it has been generally accepted by the global community, including India and Pakistan, that the dispute over Kashmir is a bilateral issue between the two countries, Chinese involvement in the regional matter between Delhi and Islamabad has always been apparent.

Now, with India’s refusal to participate in the first Belt and Road Forum (BRF), which concluded in Beijing on Monday, over Chinese involvement in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir with the CPEC project, China’s stake in the long-standing dispute has come to the fore like never before. Strategic affairs expert C Raja Mohan writes in The Indian Express: “India’s arguments with China on the BRI (Belt and Road Initiative) have had one important effect. It has helped bring the triangular dynamic between India, Pakistan, and China in Jammu and Kashmir into sharp focus.”

In the past, the UK and the US had expressed their desires to mediate between India and Pakistan to resolve Kashmir issue, while the Hurriyat separatists continue to consider themselves as the third party in the dispute. However, Raja Mohan says that now, “it is China that is the real third force in Kashmir.”

It is an open truth that separatist groups in Kashmir are aided by Pakistan, which is a Chinese ally. With the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, Beijing is investing billions of dollars along a belt that passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) — an Indian territory illegally occupied by Pakistan. India didn’t participate in the BRF as China failed to address its concerns over the PoK area.

Contrary to Chinese propaganda that CPEC would primarily be an infrastructure project to boost trade, Pakistani daily Dawn has revealed that the flagship ‘One Belt, One Road (OBOR) project would have wider ramifications on trade as well as cultural aspects of the Islamic country.

China already occupies a large part of Ladakh in the north-eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir. In 1962, Pakistan had ceded a large part of the territory to Bejing in the west of Jammu and Kashmir. Moreover, China had started its first trans-border infrastructure project in Kashmir, the Karakoram Highway, way back in the 1960s. “As the CPEC deepens the integration between Pakistan occupied Kashmir and China, Beijing looms larger than ever before over J&K,” writes Raja Mohan, adding, “triangular nature of the Kashmir question can no longer be masked.”

ALSO READ Why Pakistan may end up as a Chinese colony with CPEC by 2030

The expert suggests a few ways in which India can deal with the growing Chinese threat in Kashmir as Beijing undertakes one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken in the world. Here are the suggestions made by Raja Mohan:

First, India should make more efforts to modernise and deepen the connectivity of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country.

Second, Raja Mohan says that India should “test the sincerity of the Pakistani and Chinese statements that CPEC is open for Indian participation.”

Third, Raja Mohan says the argument between India and China in Kashmir is deeply connected to the Arunachal Pradesh question. He suggests India to “raise its game on accelerating the state’s economic development and its connectivity to the rest of India.”

Fourth, India should give “high-level political attention” to Andaman and Nicobar islands which sit across China’s planned silk routes in the eastern part of Indian Ocean.

Fifth, India should quickly complete connectivity projects with neighbours in the Indian sub-continent, South-East Asia and the Gulf.

  1. P
    Partha
    May 16, 2017 at 11:22 pm
    India must make it clear to the Chinese, that the illegal occupation of stan in Gilgil-Baltistan region will be well resolved by India in near future, but in between if China starts any more construction there, india will attack and own the region using it's full force.
    Reply
    1. P
      Partha
      May 16, 2017 at 11:18 pm
      India must make it clear to the Chinese, that the illegal occupation of stan in Gilgil-Baltistan region will be well resolved by India in near future, but in between if China starts any more construction there, india will attack and own the region using it's full force.
      Reply
      1. A
        Asif
        May 16, 2017 at 7:32 pm
        Well keep dreaming, no one can stop you. The fact is ''Kashmir is integral part of stan, Geograpically and religiously. stan got half of its part by forcefully and hopefully we will get the remaining part soon. Kashmir bany ga stan inshallah.
        Reply
        1. S
          Shuvadip Paul Majumder
          May 16, 2017 at 11:52 pm
          u should be ashamed........u are half of what u were during birth.isn't it an eye opener?
          Reply

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