1993 Mumbai serial blasts: It’s a very crucial day for extradited gangster Abu Salem and 6 other accused in the horrific 1993 Mumbai blasts case (12 bomb explosions took place one after another in about a span of two hours) as a special TADA (Terrorist and Disruptive Activities) court in Mumbai is likely to pronounce its judgement on Friday. This is the second leg of the trial in the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts case involving seven accused, including Abu Salem. In the first leg of the trial that concluded in 2007, the TADA court convicted 100 accused, while 23 people were acquitted. Here is all that has happened in the case so far.
Death toll in the blasts
The dastardly attacks left 257 people dead, 713 seriously injured and destroyed properties worth Rs 27 crore, according to news agency PTI.
Who are all the seven accused and what they did?
The trial of the seven accused — Abu Salem, Mustafa Dossa, Karimullah Khan, Firoz Abdul Rashid Khan, Riyaz Siddiqui, Tahir Merchant and Abdul Quayyum — were separated from the main case as they were arrested at the time of conclusion of the main trial.
Salem was accused of transporting weapons from Gujarat to Mumbai.
He also handed over to actor Sanjay Dutt, who was an accused in the case for illegally possessing weapons, AK 56 rifles, 250 bullets and some hand grenades at his residence on January 16, 1993. Two days later on January 18, 1993, Salem and two others went to Dutt’s house and got back two rifles and some rounds.
The court had dropped certain charges against Salem in 2013 after the investigating agency — CBI — moved a plea, saying those charges were against the extradition treaty between India and Portugal.
Mustafa Dossa allegedly masterminded the landing of explosives including RDX in India and sent some youth to Pakistan to acquire arms training.
The court, in all, recorded statements of around 750 prosecution witnesses and 50 witnesses. Three accused including Salem confessed to their crime during investigations carried out by the CBI over the years in the blasts case.
What all happened in the case so far?
Though the hearing in the case began in 2007, it was delayed as three petitions were pending with the Supreme Court, one each filed by Dossa and Salem, and another by CBI.
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The trial resumed in 2012 and concluded this March.
The case (involving the seven accused) was first heard by judge Pramod Kode, who had also delivered the judgement in the first leg of the trial and convicted 100 accused and acquitted 23 in 2007.
Later, judge DU Mullah presided over the TADA court, and the case is now being heard by judge GA Sanap.
It was during the trial in 2013 that the Supreme Court pronounced a judgement on appeal filed by all the accused wherein key conspirator Yakub Memon’s death sentence was confirmed, while that of others (all bomb planters) were commuted to commuted to life imprisonment.
Sanjay Dutt and many others surrendered before the TADA court here in May 2013 after the apex court upheld their conviction.
Yakub Memon was executed on July 30, 2015 after his pleas seeking clemency were rejected, including the post-midnight hearing by Supreme Court on the day he was hanged.
Mumbai serial blasts
On March 12, 1993 the country’s commercial capital witnessed an unprecedented terrorist attack when a series 12 bomb explosions took place one after another in about a span of two hours.
The blasts took place at Bombay Stock Exchange, Katha Bazaar, Lucky petrol pump near Sena Bhavan, opposite Passport office near Century Bazaar, Fishermen’s colony at Mahim Causeway, at basement of Air India Building, Zaveri Bazaar, Hotel Sea Rock, Plaza Theatre, Centaur Hotel (Juhu), Sahar Airport (Bay no.54) and Centaur Hotel (near airport).
This was the first ever terrorist attack in the world where RDX (Research Department Explosive i.e cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine) was used on such a large scale after the Second World War.
According to the prosecution, in order to avenge the demolition of Babri Masjid, members of the crime syndicate under the fugitive don Dawood Ibrahim along with other absconding accused Tiger Memon, Mohammed Dossa and Mustafa Dossa (who is presently facing trial) hatched a conspiracy to commit terrorist acts in India.
The prosecution said that the object of the crime was to commit terrorist acts with an intent to overawe the Government of India, to strike terror on the people, alienate section of the people and to harm the communal harmony.
It said that the conspirators smuggled fire-arms, ammunitions, detonators, hand grenades and highly explosive substances like RDX into India and stored it.
According to the prosecution, Mustafa Dossa, Tiger Memon and Chhota Shakeel organised training camps in Pakistan and in India to impart and undergo weapon and arms training and handling of explosives. They also sent men from India to Pakistan via Dubai for arms training.
The prosecution also said that the conspirators held 15 meetings before the execution of the blasts.