The government has started an employment survey that will be more regular than the earlier ones, according to statistics and programme implementation minister DV Sadananda Gowda. The government has also started a survey on the services sector for the first time to get data from service establishments along the lines of the data provided by the manufacturing sector.“The employment survey will give quarterly data ofthe jobs sector in the urbanareas and annual data from the rural areas,” Gowda told reporters on Tuesday at a briefing on the achievements of his ministry in the last three years. The periodic labour surveys will offer a better gauge of the country’s unemployment rate than the current indicators and enable the government to calibrate its policies accordingly to boost jobs. The Opposition has already been criticising the government, saying that new jobs are hard to come by despite the government’s claim of high GDP growth. The services survey will help senior government officials negotiate better under various trade talks, including RCEP, especially when India is seeking greater liberalisation of the services sector.
The non-availability of segregated and precise data on services trade was a major disadvantage for Indian officials during trade negotiations. Talking on the occasion, chief statistician TCA Anant said: “The services sector survey is being carried out to validate the use of establishments as a basis for conducting regular survey on services. It will examine the availability of accounts which are used in the services survey.”
The services survey will examine whether services establishments are able to give the same kind of accounting data which the manufacturing establishments give. The results will give a picture if it is sustainable, the chief statistician said. On the labour survey, Anant said: “The labour survey will give annual estimate of labour characteristics of rural and urban areas. The basic agenda is to make regular data on employment available. Frequency and regularity of work is what differentiates this survey from the earlier job surveys.” The employment survey results are expected to come by the end of 2018.