The Paris climate deal is all set to come into force by early November with India ratifying the deal on Sunday and President Pranab Mukherjee giving his assent to a proposal approved earlier by the government, making India one of the key countries to help bring the pact into force.
While the EU on Friday announced its approval of the Paris Agreement, which would be officially communicated to UN next week, India would hand over its ratification document aiming at reducing global emission of greenhouse gas post 2020 to the United Nations secretary-general Ban Ki-moon on Gandhi Jayanti on October 2.
So far, 61 countries, accounting for almost 48% of global emissions have ratified the Paris deal which is also referred as 21st meeting of Conference of Parties (COP21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). EU account for around 12% of the global emission. India’s move will bring the total emissions to close to 64%.
“Because of India’s push, the world will ratify the deal by next month,” environment minister Anil Madhav Dave said on Saturday. The Paris agreement would come into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, representing at least 55% of global emissions have ratified. Dave also said that India would protect the interests and strongly present the viewpoint of the developing countries at the upcoming COP 22 scheduled at Marrakech, Morocco in November. “India will put across its views based on Indian, or Gandhian lifestyle in Morocco,” Dave noted.
Meanwhile an official statement said: “India’s decision to ratify the Paris agreement has come after ensuring compliance of domestic legal requirements, internal discussions and after obtaining clarity from UNFCCC with regard to transparency and participation of Parties in the future processes.”
An environment ministry official said that countries have been assured by UNFCCC that other parties will be given sufficient time to ratify the Paris Agreement, at least till 2018, so that future decision-making is as inclusive as possible.