August CPI inflation is likely to fall sharply to 5 per cent mainly because of correction in vegetable and pulse prices, which in turn will open up the possibility of a 25 bps rate cut in the upcoming policy review, says a Citigroup report.
According to the global financial services major, the CPI inflation is likely to have made a near-term peak in July (at 6.1 per cent) and is expected to come down sharply to 5 per cent year-on-year in August.
The key factors responsible for the likely easing of the CPI inflation are the correction in vegetable and pulse prices. Out of three food items (pulses, vegetables and sugar) whose prices spiked to double-digit levels in the recent past, two are likely to have cooled off to single digit in August.
“It appears that for food items like tomatoes and eggs, the sharp price increases of June-July have been mostly normalised in August. In our estimate, pulses and vegetables are likely to have brought down the August CPI by around 90 bps,” Citigroup said in a research note, adding that benefits of a good monsoon will be felt later, particularly on pulses where sowing has been 33 per cent higher against last year.
On the policy stance, the report stated that chances of an October rate cut are “alive” and a 5 per cent August CPI print will open up possibility of a 25 bps rate reduction as the upside risks outlined by RBI to its March 2017 CPI target will be substantially diminished.
Citigroup added that “sticky core inflation, any disruption during FCNR(B) outflow and response function of RBI under the new Governor remain risks to the October rate cut view”.
The next policy review meet is scheduled to be held on October 4. It will also be the first review under the new RBI Governor Urjit Patel, who has assumed charge on September 4 after end of his predecessor Raghuram Rajan’s three-year tenure.
Rajan had faced a lot of criticism for his reluctance to cut rates though he always maintained that the rates were lowered at every given opportunity.