According to the Indian Meteoroligical department, 2016 can witness above normal rainfall. Quantitatively, the monsoon seasonal rainfall is likely to be 106% of the Long Period Average (LPA) with a model error of ± 5%. The LPA of the seasonal rainfall over the country as a whole for the period 1951-2000 is 89 cm, said a government release. IMD has a well-established early warning system for monitoring and warning of severe weather events and associated heavy rainfall. IMD is also providing its location specific now casting weather service across the country. Origin, development of severe weather phenomena are regularly monitored through Doppler Weather Radars (DWRs) and with all available other observing systems (Automatic Weather Station-AWSs; Automatic Rain Gauge – ARGs; Automatic Weather Observing Systems-AWOS; satellite derived wind vectors, temperature, moisture fields etc.).
Heavy rainfall warnings are issued to the relevant district administration, state & central government agencies and relief authorities, as well as communicated to the public through radio, newspapers and internet. Regular meetings are conducted with all State & Central Government agencies including IMD by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) to review monsoon rainfall situation across the country.
Upon prediction of heavy rainfall conditions by the IMD, various state governments have a system of giving wide publicity and also put in place effective emergency response systems for minimizing adverse impacts.