Toyota has announced plans to incorporate fuel cell technology in its heavy duty trucks in order to bring down their emissions to zero. The trucks will first be experimented at the Port of Los Angeles, and will be a part of the proof-of-concept system 'Project Portal'. The technology will be used in trucks that handle short-distance freight. As important as the trucks are at the port, currently they are responsible for most of the harmful emissions. The Toyota fuel cell trucks will have a range of 322 km.
The concept truck will use two Mirai fuel cell stacks and a 12-kWh battery, which would produce over 670 hp and 1796.4 Nm of torque. The truck will be able to haul over 36000 kg.
Toyota has already experimented the tech on buses in Japan. The brand is committed on taking its effort on using fuel cell technology forwards, and has also announced a partnership with Shell to increase the number of hydrogen fill-up stations in California.
The reason why fuel cell tech development makes sense, especially for such ports is that fuel cell vehicles take a shorter time to fill up than an electric vehicle takes to charge.
And to get an idea of how powerful fuel cell trucks can be, here is a video of a drag race between a traditional truck and a Toyota fuel cell truck:
"Toyota believes that hydrogen fuel cell technology has tremendous potential to become the powertrain of the future," says Toyota Motor North America's Bob Carter. "With Project Portal, we're proud to help explore the societal benefits of a true zero emission heavy-duty truck platform."