The recall, which is part of a global exercise undertaken by the company, covers YZF-R1 bikes sold in the country in the past 3-4 years.
"...our parent company Yamaha Motor Co, Japan have determined that a defect, which relates to Head light lead coupler overheating and melting exists in YZF-R1 motorcycle falling within certain production numbers," Yamaha said in a statement on its website.
This headlight sub-lead must be replaced at the earliest in the motorcycles falling within certain production numbers, it added.
"Yamaha is initiating a factory modification campaign, where the affected motorcycles must get the headlight sub lead replaced with a modified one," it said.
The company added that the replacement of the faulty part would be free of cost.
According to sources, the company would recall about 100 YZF-R1 superbikes in India.
Last year, the company had recalled 56,082 units of its scooter 'Ray' after detecting insufficient strength in the handlebar of some vehicles due to inadequate welding.