The three projects Tori-Shivpur-Kathautia (Hazaribagh) triple line for the North Karanpura Coalfield in Jharkhand, Jharsuguda-Barpalli double line for Ib Valley coalfield in Orissa and Bhupdeopur-Raigur-Mand in Chhattisgarh were stalled for nearly a decade due to various reasons. With the CCI clearance, work has begun at some of the sites, a senior official told FE.
The clearance for these railway lines would be a milestone in terms of efforts to step up domestic production of coal. The rail connectivity has the potential to generate over 250 million tonnes of coal annually, which is almost half of what CIL produces now, said a coal ministry official, asking not to be named.
Indias domestic coal output, mainly from Coal India, has grown slowly from 431 million tonnes (mt) in 2006-07 to 576 mt last fiscal, while imports more than trebled from 41.5 mt to 138 mt as power plants, steel and other units consumed more fuel to aid growth in Asias third-largest economy. Coal imports as a percentage of GDP almost doubled from 0.5% in 2006-07 to 0.9% in 2012-13, and was one of the main reasons along with oil and gold imports for widening the current account deficit.
While many captive coal blocks allotted to private players failed to take off, the pressure has mounted on Coal India to raise output. CIL has often blamed delays in green clearances, land acquisition and lack of rail links from pithead to industrial units as major reason for not being able to scale up its operations.
In this context, the three rail projects will address much of the coal shortage in coming years. The Jharsuguda-Barpalli rail line is essential for transportation of coal from the Ib Valley coalfield of Mahanadi Coalfields with a potential of 90 million tonnes per annum. The North Karanpura Coalfield covers an area of 1,230 square kilometres and has total coal reserves of 13.1 billion tonnes with a potential output of 70 mt annually. The Mand Raigarh Coalfield can supply 100 mt of coal annually once the rail link is built.
The environmental clearance for Jharsuguda-Barpalli was given last month and the project is likely to be completed by June 2016, an official said.
The Rs 2,345-crore Tori-Shivpur-Kathautia project has now got environmental clearance and land acquisition for some stretches is under way. The project is likely to be operational by December 2016.
In the case of the Rs 2,500-crore Bhupdeopur-Raigur-Mand line, the CCI/CCEA has resolved the issue and a special purpose vehicle led by Ircon will be set up by September 2016.
The three railway link projects are a part of the three inter-state rail corridor projects proposed by CIL that are dedicated to coal evacuation in the Naxal-affected areas in Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. CILs total investment in these three corridors are of the order of Rs 6,000 crore.