The announcement underscores the degree to which Wal-Mart recognises that corruption may have infected its international operations, and reflects a growing alarm among the companys internal investigators. People with knowledge of the matter described how a relatively routine compliance audit rapidly transformed into a full-blown investigation late last year involving hundreds of lawyers and three former federal prosecutors when the company learned that The Times was examining problems with its operations in Mexico.
A person with direct knowledge of the companys internal investigation cautioned that Thursdays disclosure did not mean Wal-Mart had concluded it had paid bribes in China, India and Brazil. But it did indicate that the company had found enough evidence to justify concern about its business practices in the three countries concerns that go beyond initial inquiries and that are serious enough that shareholders needed to be told.
Wal-Mart issued a statement confirming the new disclosures, and said it would be inappropriate to comment further on the new allegations until it had concluded the investigations. The Justice Department and the Securities and Exchange Commission, with Wal-Marts cooperation, are also looking into the companys compliance with the antibribery law.
The Times reported in April that seven years ago, Wal-Mart had found credible evidence that its Mexican subsidiary had paid bribes in its effort to build more stores, a violation of the corrupt practices act, and that an internal investigation had been suppressed by executives at the companys Arkansas headquarters. Wal-Mart has so far spent $35 million on a compliance programme that began in spring 2011, and has more than 300 outside lawyers and accountants working on it, the company said. It has spent $99 million in nine months on the current investigation.
Consequences of the expanding investigation could include slower expansion overseas and the identification of even more problems. The company said in the filing on Thursday that new inquiries had begun in countries including but not limited to China, India and Brazil. While the disclosure did not specify the nature of the possible bribery problems in the three countries, it clearly will cause more scrutiny on every real estate project being considered, and one would think at the minimum it will slow down the process as more controls need to be passed through, said Colin McGranahan, an analyst with Sanford C. Bernstein.
International growth is critical to Wal-Mart, the worlds largest retailer, and Brazil, India, China and Mexico make up the largest portion of the companys foreign locations.