The market leader United Breweries has been undertaking contract farming of barley in the districts of South & West Punjab for the last 5 years. A top company official informed FE that UB group has a contract farm area spread over 12,000 acres engaging about 5,000 farmers. "UB's own developed varieties including VJM 315, VJM 201, DRW-28 etc are grown there and entire produce is used for UB's own requirement. We have invested close to Rs 25 crore in Punjab in this initiative over a period of time and we aim to cover the whole of Punjab gradually. We have also registered ourselves with the Haryana State Agricultural Marketing Board (HSAMB) for getting the license to start contract farming in Haryana," said the official.UB group also works with Pepsi, which through its contract farming initiatives in the northern part of the country supplies the local varieties of barley. The company has its own malting plant in Punjab and has entered into an agreement with the Haryana State Cooperative Supply and Marketing Federation (Hafed) to run on lease a barley malt plant at Jatusana in Rewari district.
The official shared, "We are upgrading the plant and it is likely to be functional by year end. The plant, spread over 6 acres of land, was commissioned in 1989 with an installed capacity of 9,000 MT per annum. However, production was stopped in 2002 and hence it lied non functional. As per the agreement with Hafed, the capacity will be upgraded to 10,000 MT per annum."
On the other hand SAB Miller India is giving a leg up to cultivation of malting barley in Haryana for over a year in collaboration with HSAMB. The company has engaged about 400 farmers across 2,500 acres to do contract farming of barley in districts of Gurgaon, Jhajjhar and Sirsa. Discussing about the success of the initiative, Sundeep Kumar, director- corporate communication & affairs, SAB Miller India told FE, "In the first year, we have had a modest success of 35% of member farmers selling back barley to us in contract farming.
The farmers are appreciative about our crop monitoring / advisory services; fairness in buy back practices and are keen to join us in our barely development. We intend to expand in Haryana from next Rabi season. We are planning to intensify our presence in Gurgaon and Sirsa districts and extend our activities to Fatehabad and Hisar districts also. We already have a brewery at Sonepat which is currently being expanded and modernized. But SAB 0Miller doesn't seem eager to enter Punjab yet. Sundeep further added, Area under barley in Punjab is stagnant - at about 19,000 ha over the last few years. We are prioritising the states where there is more potential for barley growth and, Punjab is a bit low on our priorities, currently.
The company had initiated a seeds development programme in collaboration with Seeds Corporation of India on 20 varieties of barley seeds imported from across the world. Out of these five are undergoing field trials currently across 45 farms in Rajasthan, Haryana and UP.