A day after Super Typhoon Haiyan whipped across the central Philippines with maximum sustained winds of around 315 kilometres an hour, a picture emerged of entire communities having been flattened.
Authorities said that, aside from the ferocious winds generated by Typhoon Haiyan, storm surges of up to three metres high that swept into coastal towns and deep inland were responsible for destroying countless homes.
"Imagine a strip one kilometre deep inland from the shore, and all the shanties, everything, destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan," Interior Secretary Mar Roxas said after visiting coastal towns in Leyte, one of the worst-hit provinces in the east of the archipelago.
"For Typhoon Haiyan, they were just like matchsticks flung inland. All the houses were destroyed."
The official government death toll tonight was 138.
But with rescue workers yet to reach or communicate with many ravaged communities across a 600-kilometre stretch of islands, authorities said they were unable to give a proper assessment of how many people had been killed.
Philippine Red Cross secretary general Gwendolyn Pang said her organisation estimated 1,200 people had died due to Typhoon Haiyan, while a UN official who visited Leyte described apocalyptic scenes.
"This is destruction on a massive scale. There are cars thrown like tumbleweed and the streets are strewn with debris," said Sebastian Rhodes Stampa, the head of a UN disaster assessment coordination team.
"The last time I saw something of this scale was in the aftermath of the Indian Ocean tsunami," he said, referring to the 2004 disaster that claimed about 220,000 lives.
Stampa made his comments after arriving in Tacloban, the capital of Leyte which was destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan - it has a population of about 220,000 people.
More than 100 bodies were littered in and around Tacloban's airport, according to the facility's manager.