The agreement averts a trial scheduled for next month, which means there will be no airing of such questions as how terrorists got through security, the best way to stop terrorists, whether there was really wrongdoing and negligence and how best to preserve liberties amid such threats, U.S. District Judge Alvin K. Hellerstein said.
"All this will remain a mystery,'' he said.
Calling the settlement a significant conclusion after 12 years of litigation that resulted in scores of settlements and not a single trial involving airlines, the judge said, "Hopefully what was achieved was a measure of justice, a measure of reparation and closure.''
He added, "But the lives that were lost were irreparable and being irreparable, there now are no words to describe that loss.''
The deal was announced by Cantor Fitzgerald attorney John Stoviak, who said money from various insurers is already in escrow and ready to be paid out pending formal approval by the court at or after a Jan. 13 hearing.
Afterward, Cantor Fitzgerald Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Howard W. Lutnick said in a statement that the case for insurance companies ``was just another case, just another settlement, but not for us.''
Lutnick, whose brother Gary was killed in the attacks, added: ``We could never, and will never, consider it ordinary. For us, there is no way to describe this compromise with inapt words like ordinary, fair or reasonable. All we can say is that the legal formality of this matter is over.''
Cantor Fitzgerald lost 658 of its 1,000 people in its New York workforce when the 101st through 105th floors of its One World Trade Center headquarters were destroyed when terrorists struck the tower. Howard Lutnick was not in the office.
American Airlines spokesman Sean Collins said in a statement American had ``vigorously defended itself in litigation brought against it by property owners and their insurers who allege that American should have done what the government could not do: prevent the terrorist attacks.''
He also noted that ``the courageous crew members and passengers on Flight 77 and Flight 11 were all victims of the terrorist attacks.''
Hellerstein praised lawyers on both sides, saying he once thought a deal was impossible. He noted that some litigation from Sept. 11 remains, including claims involving the trade center, developer Larry Silverstein, first responders and others.
Cantor Fitzgerald, meanwhile, has risen dramatically from a low of about 150 employees in the months after the attacks. It now has 3,200 employees in New York and about 8,000 worldwide, including the employees of a spinoff, BGC Partners, an achievement praised by Hellerstein.
After the brief hearing, Hellerstein stepped off the bench and shook hands with lawyers on both sides.